The four chapters in this part, "Global Perspectives" include the informative article by Ismail Serageldin. It is his keynote speech on "Evaluation of Development Strategies: Prospects for Growth in the 1990s." It is realistic in its portrayal of Africa's dilemmatic development crisis in the postcolonial era, the decline in the productive sectors and in the trade and export earnings, the environmental degradation, and the deterioration of institutions and infrastructure. The chapter calls for an increase in official development assistance to Africa in the 1990s. There is also the prescription for creating truly powerful institutions, which can be a real force for capacity building inside an enabling environment in Africa, where every person will be empowered to fulfill his or her own destiny. From an official of the World Bank, this approach to correcting Africa's development crisis situation is quite refreshing.
Elliot P. Skinner's "Traditional Institutions and Economic Development: The Mossi Naam" argues for how traditional institutions could have helped speed the development process if they had not been destroyed by colonialism. The author emphasizes the necessity to maintain the culture of the area in the context of development. For example, he relates the success story of Bernard L. Ouedraogo resuscitating the Mossi Naam. This is an age period association composed of young women between 15 and 21 years old, and men between 20 and 35 years old, which became a valuable institution to villagers. It preaches cooperation, solidarity, friendship, loyalty, and force of character, and it pays attention to African initiative and grass roots culture. Within the Naam, the Mossi farmers of Burkina Faso successfully implemented their self-designed projects rather than some non-governmental organizations' (NGOs).
Ali Mazrui's "Afrostroika and Planned Governance: Economic Adjustment and Political Engineering" raises bold questions concerning the extent to which