Inventing the Criminal: A History of German Criminology, 1880-1945

By Richard F. Wetzell | Go to book overview

CHAPTER TWO

FROM CRIMINAL ANTHROPOLOGY TO
CRIMINAL PSYCHOLOGY, 1880-1914

Although Liszt and other criminal jurists committed to penal reform stressed the importance of criminological research, they did not themselves engage in it. This task was mainly undertaken by German medical doctors, especially psychiatrists. To be sure, criminal statisticians, like Oettingen, Mayr, and a handful of others, continued their work in criminal statistics. On the whole, however, German social scientists, including those in the newly emerging discipline of sociology, showed remarkably little interest in criminological questions. By contrast, the German medical community developed considerable interest in criminological questions in the course of the 1880s and 1890s for at least two reasons. First, Lombroso's theory of the born criminal confronted the German medical profession with a biological theory of crime to which it felt compelled to respond. Second, the German doctors' willingness to address criminological questions was facilitated by their long-standing contact with the criminal justice system as forensic psychiatrists in the courts and prison doctors in the correctional system. Before examining their reception of Lombroso, I shall therefore briefly discuss the state of German forensic psychiatry and the role of doctors in German prisons. 1.

____________________
1.
Germany's physical anthropologists had little use for Lombroso. Rudolf Virchow publicly attacked Lombroso and dismissed his claims about the physical characteristics of the born criminal as false. See Virchow, "Über Criminalanthropologie," Correspondenz-Blatt der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte 27 (1896): 157-62; Cesare Lombroso, "Virchow und die Kriminalanthropologie," Die Zukunft 16 (29 August 1896): 391-96; Benoit Massin, "From Virchow to Fischer: Physical Anthropology and `Modern Race Theories' in Wilhelmine Germany," in Volksgeist as Method and Ethic: Essays on Boasian Ethnography and the German Anthropological Tradition, ed. George Stocking (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996), 139.

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Inventing the Criminal: A History of German Criminology, 1880-1945
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 348

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.