Inventing the Criminal: A History of German Criminology, 1880-1945

By Richard F. Wetzell | Go to book overview

CHAPTER FIVE

VARIETIESOFCRIMINALBIOLOGY
INTHEWEIMARYEARS

Despite the considerable advances in criminal sociology discussed in the previous chapter, research in this field was overshadowed by what came to be known as "criminal biology" during the Weimar years. The predominance of medico‐ biological over sociological research on the causes of crime that had begun with the late nineteenth-century reception of Lombroso was bolstered by an enormous expansion of psychiatric research on the causes of crime in the 1920s.

The great interest in criminological research among psychiatrists was closely connected to several broader developments in early twentieth-century German psychiatry. Most fundamentally, psychiatrists became increasingly concerned with the welfare and protection of society as a whole rather than the individual patient. 1. Moreover, psychiatric research on the connection between crime and mental abnormalities was part of psychiatry's expansion beyond full-fledged mental illness into the vast area of borderline abnormalities. 2. Both of these developments had begun in the prewar years, but they were greatly accelerated by the role that German psychiatry played in the war effort and therefore became more salient during the Weimar Republic. 3. In addition, psychiatric

____________________
1.
Heinz-Peter Schmiedebach, "The Mentally Ill Patient Caught between the State's Demands and the Professional Interests of Psychiatrists," in Medicine and Modernity: Public Health and Medical Care in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Germany, ed. Manfred Berg and Geoffrey Cocks (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997), 114, 118.
2.
Henry Werlinder, Psychopathy: A History of the Concepts (Uppsala: University, 1978); German Berrios, "Personality Disorders: A Conceptual History," in Personality Disorder Reviewed, ed. Peter Tyrer and George Stein (London: Gaskell, 1993), 17-41; Heinz-Peter Schmiedebach, "Zum Verständniswandel der `psychopathischen' Störungen am Anfang der naturwissenschaftlichen Psychiatrie in Deutschland," Der Nervenarzt 56 (1985): 140-45.
3.
Paul Lerner, "Rationalizing the Therapeutic Arsenal: German Neuropsychiatry in World War I," in Medicine and Modernity, ed. Berg and Cocks, 121-48; Doris Kaufmann, "Science as

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Inventing the Criminal: A History of German Criminology, 1880-1945
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 348

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.