This volume had its genesis in the conference Civilians in War: 100 Years After the Hague Peace Conference, held in New York in September 1999. The conference was generously sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, whose president, Vartan Gregorian, cochaired the event with Rita E. Hauser, Esq., chair of the Board of the International Peace Academy (IPA), and David M. Malone, president of IPA. Elizabeth M. Cousens, also from IPA, designed the original project, which was ably brought to fruition with the assistance of Charles K. Cater.
The involvement of the Carnegie Corporation of New York went well beyond the role of sponsor. In addition to the critical and much appreciated role of David C. Speedie in conceiving the project and Stephen J. Del Rosso Jr. in encouraging the transformation from conference to edited volume, Dr. Gregorian has helped shape the agenda in this important emerging field of international concern and action. To him and all the staff at the Carnegie Corporation, warmest thanks.
Most of the contributors to this volume have built upon papers presented at the conference. Their work was enriched by the interventions of the many able and eminent persons who attended. It is not possible to list all these interventions, but special mention should be made of the keynote address by Canadian Minister for Foreign Affairs Lloyd Axworthy and the address by U. S. Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor Harold H. Koh. Building upon the discussion that took place at the conference (both on- and off-the-record), further chapters were solicited. It has been a rewarding experience to work with all these authors in the final development of their contributions.