Classical Telugu Poetry: An Anthology

By Velcheru Narayana Rao; David Shulman | Go to book overview

NOTE ON PRONUNCIATION

Long vowels are double the length of short vowels. The Sanskrit diphthongs e, o, ai, and au are always long and are unmarked; we mark the short Dravidian vowels ĕ and ŏ. Sanskrit names ending in a long vowel, appearing in Telugu texts, are consistently marked as short, in keeping with Telugu practice: Sīta < Sītā, Draupadi < Draupadī. Long vowels resulting from sandhi combinations, except for diphthongs, are marked with ^. The consonant sounds ṭ, ḍ, ṭh, ḍh, ṇ, and are retroflex, pronounced by turning the tip of the tongue back toward the palate.

In transliterating Telugu text, we have improvised a mark for plosives voiced after a nasal (drutamu: whether the nasal is a sunna or an arasunna or in its svatva-rūpa). A line under the plosive indicates the reciter has an option of pronouncing it as either voiced or unvoiced, according to context or convention of recitation. For suffixes following upon an infinitive, we reproduce the Telugu orthography. When for other reasons an unvoiced plosive turns voiced, we follow Telugu graphic conventions.

No diacritics are used for the names of modern authors.

-xiii-

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