China Deconstructs: Politics, Trade, and Regionalism

By David S. G. Goodman; Gerald Segal | Go to book overview

8

Shanghai and the Lower Yangzi Valley

J. Bruce JacobsandLijian Hong1

Shanghai now entirely has the conditions [to develop] a bit more quickly. In the areas of talented personnel, technology and administration, Shanghai has obvious superiority, which radiates over a wide area. Looking backwards, my one major mistake was not to include Shanghai when we set up the four special economic zones. Otherwise, the situation of reform and opening to the outside in the Yangzi River Delta, the entire Yangzi River Valley and even the entire nation would be different.

Deng Xiaoping 2

Make Shanghai an outward-oriented, multi-functional, modernised international city.

Jiang Zemin 3

Shanghai has a unique position in China. It is by far China's wealthiest area and has extensive human resources. Yet, as Deng Xiaoping stated during his inspection tour of the South, Shanghai has not been able to take full advantage of its wealth and human resources. After outlining its comparative wealth, this chapter examines Shanghai's relationship to the centre and how this has inhibited Shanghai's development in the post-Mao period. We then consider recent changes in the centre's policies towards Shanghai and Shanghai's responses. Finally it considers whether Shanghai has manifested any tendencies towards regionalism either within China or internationally.

SHANGHAI'S WEALTH

Shanghai, with a per capita income of RMB yuan 5,204 is far and away China's wealthiest provincial-level unit, greatly exceeding Beijing (RMB yuan 3,718), Tianjin (RMB yuan 3,139), Liaoning (RMB yuan 2,186), Guangdong (RMB yuan 2,159) and Zhejiang

-224-

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China Deconstructs: Politics, Trade, and Regionalism
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Preface xiii
  • 1 - The Politics of Regionalism 1
  • 2 - 'Reports of My Death Have Been Greatly Exaggerated' 21
  • 3 - Reform and the Restructuring of Central-Local Relations 59
  • 4 - Economic Reform and the Internal Division of Labour in China 99
  • 5 - The Many Worlds of China's Provinces 131
  • 6 - Guangdong 177
  • 7 - Regionalism in Fujian 202
  • 8 - Shanghai and the Lower Yangzi Valley 224
  • 9 - North China and Russia 253
  • 10 - Xinjiang 271
  • Notes 285
  • 11 - Regional Economic Integration in Yunnan 286
  • 12 - Deconstructing Foreign Relations 322
  • Index 356
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