Democracies in Flux: The Evolution of Social Capital in Contemporary Society

By Robert D. Putnam | Go to book overview

NOTES

Introduction
1
See Susan J. Pharr and Robert D. Putnam, eds., Disaffected Democracies: What's Troubling the Trilateral Countries? (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).
2
See Robert D. Putnam, Bowling Alone: Collapse and Revival of American Community (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2000).
3
L. J. Hanifan, The Community Center (Boston: Silver, Burdett, 1920), 9–10.
4
L. J. Hanifan, “The Rural School Community Center, ” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 67 (1916): 130–38, quotation at 130. For biographical information, see John W. Kirk, Progressive West Virginians: 1923 (Wheeling, WV: Wheeling Intelligencer, 1923), 107. Ever the practical reformer, Hanifan was self-conscious about using the term capital to encourage hard-nosed businessmen and economists to recognize the productive importance of social assets. Having introduced the idea of social capital, he observed, “That there is a great lack of such social capital in some rural districts need not be retold in this chapter. The important question at this time is: How can these conditions be improved? The story which follows is an account of the way a West Virginia rural community in a single year actually developed social capital and then used this capital in the improvement of its recreational, intellectual, moral, and economic conditions.” His essay, which included a list of practical exercises for community-based activists, was originally prepared in 1913 for West Virginia schoolteachers as “a handbook for community meetings at rural schoolhouses, ” and it was subsequently incorporated in Hanifan, The Community Center. We are grateful to Brad Clarke for first spotting this usage of the term “social capital” and to Anne Lee for tracking down Hanifan's biographical materials.
5
John R. Seeley, Alexander R. Sim, and Elizabeth W. Loosley, Crestwood Heights: A Study of the Culture of Suburban Life (New York: Basic Books, 1956), quotation at 296; Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities (New York: Random House, 1961); Glenn Loury, “A Dynamic Theory of Racial Income Differences, ” in P. A. Wallace and A. LeMund, eds., Women, Minorities, and Employment Discrimination (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1977), 153–88; Pierre Bourdieu, “Forms of Capital, ” in John

-417-

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Democracies in Flux: The Evolution of Social Capital in Contemporary Society
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Democracies in Flux 1
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - The Role of Government and the Distribution of Social Capital 21
  • 2 - Bridging the Privileged and the Marginalized? 59
  • 3 - From Membership to Advocacy 103
  • 4 - Old and New Civic and Social Ties in France 137
  • 5 - The German Case 189
  • 6 - Social Capital in Spain from the 1930s to the 1990s 245
  • 7 - Social Capital in the Social Democratic State 289
  • 8 - Making the Lucky Country 333
  • 9 - Broadening the Basis of Social Capital in Japan 359
  • Conclusion 393
  • Notes 417
  • Contributors 493
  • Index 497
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