The Souls of Black Folk: One Hundred Years Later

By Dolan Hubbard | Go to book overview

Alexandra, Tennessee
Dusk and Dawn of the Rural Veil
Reavis L. Mitchell, Jr.

Of Alexandria at the end of the nineteenth century, W. E. B. Du Bois asked, “How shall men measure Progress there where the dark-faced Josie lies? How many heartfuls of sorrow shall balance a bushel of wheat? How harda thing is life to the lowly, andyet how human andreal! Andall this life and love and strife and failure, —is it the twilight of nightfall or the flush of some faint-dawning day?”1

His sadly musing questions came in response to his return to Alexandria's African American settlement in 1897, ten years after he had been engaged as the teacher of the seasonal “colored school” in rural DeKalb County, Tennessee. His pilgrimage revealedbittersweet changes in Alexandria's white agrarian community and its sister settlement of black farmers.

When Du Bois spent the hot summers of 1886 and 1887 teaching rural black youngsters, he was an undergraduate student at Nashville's Fisk University. Being young, idealistic, and self-confident (“Fisk men thought that Tennessee—beyondthe Veil—was theirs alone” [46]), his unwavering belief in higher education for future economic improvement of all African Americans, whether urban or agrarian, reflected the spirit of optimism in African Americans, who were confident they were participants in the surrounding white-shaped world. And that spirit of optimism was justified as post-Reconstruction Tennessee, historically more liberal than her Deep South sister states, had embraced the pro-industry “New South” gospel espoused since the mid-1870s by Henry Grady (1850–1889), editor of the

____________________
1
W. E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk, ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Terri Hume Oliver (New York: Norton, 1999), 53–54. Subsequent references to this work appear as page citations in the text. The book's fourth chapter, “Of the Meaning of Progress, ” was first publishedas an essay entitled “A Negro Schoolmaster in the New South, ” in Atlantic Monthly 83, no. 495 (January 1899): 99–105.

-49-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Souls of Black Folk: One Hundred Years Later
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 341

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.