Black Stars: African American Women Scientists and Inventors

By Otha Richard Sullivan | Go to book overview

MARJORIE STEWART
JOYNER, PH.D.
(1896–1994)

Marjorie Stewart Joyner, the granddaughter of former slaves, was born in Virginia's Blue Ridge Mountains in the town of Monterey on October 24, 1896. At age six, Marjorie's parents divorced, and she moved to Chicago with her mother, who made sure Marjorie got a good education. She graduated from Chicago Christian High School and later married Dr. Robert Joyner, a podiatrist. Eventually, her mother-in-law encouraged her to study at one of Madame C. J. Walker's schools.

But there was one problem. Joyner explained:

I was working for Mrs. Walker, and, you know … we operators might put in a very nice hairdo, but it would never last very long, and in the morning, a customer who looked beautiful when she left my care [later] looked like an accident going some place to happen. It is important for a woman to show that she takes care of her hair, and that was in my mind when I invented the machine. It would allow a woman to look neat [for days], and that is important!

-40-

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Black Stars: African American Women Scientists and Inventors
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Part One - The Early Years 5
  • Ellen F. Eglin (1849–?) 7
  • Sara E. Goode (1850–?) 13
  • Miriam E. Benjamin (–?) 18
  • Part Two - Into the New Century 23
  • Madame C.J. Walker (1867–1919) 25
  • Annie Turnbo Malone (1869–1957) 31
  • Roger Arliner Young, Ph.D. (1889–1964) 35
  • Marjorie Stewart Joyner, Ph.D. (1896–1994) 40
  • Part Three - Modern Times 45
  • Mildred Austin Smith (1916–1993) 47
  • Bessie Blount Griffin (1913–?) 51
  • Jane Cooke Wright, M.D.(B.1919) 56
  • Evelyn Boyd Granville, Ph.D.(B.1924) 62
  • Jewel Plummer Cobb, Ph.D.(B.1924) 68
  • Angela D. Ferguson, M.D.(B.1925) 72
  • Reatha Clark King, Ph.D.(B.1938) 77
  • Betty Wright Harris, Ph.D.(B.1940) 83
  • Patricia Bath, M.D.(B.1942) 88
  • Valerie Thomas (B.1943) 93
  • Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. (B.1946) 97
  • Alexa Canady, M.D.(B.1950) 102
  • Sharon J. Barnes (B.1955) 108
  • Mae Jemison, M.D. (B.1956) 112
  • Ursula Burns (B.1958) 117
  • Aprille Joy Ericsson Jackson, Ph.D. (B.1963) 121
  • Dannellia Gladden Green, Ph.D. (B.1966) 126
  • Chavonda J. Jacobs Young, Ph.D. (B.1967) 130
  • Chronology 135
  • Notes 141
  • Bibliography 143
  • Picture Credits 145
  • Index 147
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