Micro credit in Kenya and Cameroon sionality of women's empowerment requires that economic empowerment be consolidated by commensurate social and political empowerment.
The fourth conclusion draws attention to the crucial role played by larger economic forces, particularly as a spur to the appropriation of empowerment by African governments. Micro credit emerged within the context of structural adjustment programmes and formed part of the neo-liberal global project of integrating women in the market economy.
Last, we need to reconceptualize empowerment so it can account for the scope, direction and intensity of any empowerment process. Only then can we determine whether the outcome of a particular empowerment project or policy will be beneficial. Empowerment is defined here as the entrenched capacity of people to act individually and/or collectively in the ongoing struggle to achieve equality and social justice. This definition focuses on people's capacity to improve their social position, but more importantly their ability to successfully undertake fundamental and sustainable change in their power relations. Micro credit has been held up as a tool for women's empowerment. This chapter reminds us that empowerment cannot be achieved unless it does achieve equality and social justice for women (and men).
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