Local Communities and Post-Communist Transformation: Czechoslovakia, the Czech Republic and Slovakia

By Simon Smith | Go to book overview

5
Dual identity and/or 'bread and butter'
Electronics industry workers in Slovakia 1995–2000
Monika Čambáliková

Introduction

This chapter characterises working life and industrial relations in two Slovak electronics plants based on a comparison of selected findings from the second (1995) and third (2000) phase of the international research project 'The Quality of Working Life in the Electronics Industry' (see note 1 in Kroupa and Mansfeldová in this volume for further details).

The principal source was a survey of workers' attitudes, using a standardised questionnaire, supplemented by data from other surveys and interviews with experts. In order to take into account the specific conditions of contemporary Slovakia, the findings are presented in conceptual and empirical context, with reference to system transformation, to economic conditions and the state of the labour market, and to the framework of industrial relations and social partnership in Slovakia during the period concerned.

Post-socialist transformation towards a democratic and capitalist system in the East European context involves a simultaneous and coordinated transformation of both the political and the economic system. Political reform itself involves a combination of two elements: constitutional guarantees of citizens' rights and development of the democratic right of participation (Offe and Adler 1991). The civil right to private property offered citizens – either as owners and employers or as employees – the opportunity to emerge from the relative homogeneity of the 'working people' (when everyone was employed by a monopolistic owner and employer – the state) via specific individual strategies. The other side of the coin was the exclusion of a further group of citizens – the unemployed – from the labour market.

Sociological treatment of these processes in Slovakia has encompassed biographical-interpretative approaches focusing on the behavioural and motivational dimensions of private business formation (Kusá and Tirpáková 1993) as well as on questions of social identity among the unemployed as expressed in their autobiographical narratives (Kusá and Valentšíková

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Local Communities and Post-Communist Transformation: Czechoslovakia, the Czech Republic and Slovakia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Basees/Routledgecurzon Series on Russian and East European Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Contributors ix
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgements xv
  • 1 - Sociological Readings of Post-Communist Lifeworlds 1
  • Notes 13
  • Bibliography 14
  • 2 - Civil Society and Political Parties in the Czech Republic 19
  • Bibliography 39
  • 3 - Agents for Community Self-Determination? Experiences of Local Actors 41
  • Notes 85
  • Bibliography 89
  • 4 - The Slovak Union of Nature and Landscape Conservationists 92
  • Notes 103
  • 5 - Electronics Industry Workers in Slovakia 1995–2000 105
  • Notes 123
  • Bibliography 124
  • 6 - Case Studies from the Electronics Industry 126
  • Notes 141
  • 7 - The Czech Republic 1990–2000 143
  • Notes 158
  • Bibliography 159
  • 8 - Civic Potential as a Differentiating Factor in the Development of Local Communities 161
  • Bibliography 182
  • 9 - Group Strategies of Local Communities in Slovakia Facing Social Threats 184
  • Bibliography 205
  • 10 - The Narrativisation of Social Transformation 206
  • Notes 216
  • Bibliography 218
  • Index 221
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