Local Communities and Post-Communist Transformation: Czechoslovakia, the Czech Republic and Slovakia

By Simon Smith | Go to book overview

9
Group strategies of local communities in Slovakia facing social threats
Imrich Vašečka

Introduction
The transformation of Slovak society, the direction and design of which were determined in the late 1980s and early 1990s, represents an opportunity for the renaissance of local community and the solution of social problems according to the principle of subsidiarity. But the period has also seen the reappearance of social problems and dangers hitherto forgotten or suppressed.This chapter focuses on the basic strategies of selected local communities that found themselves facing social threats. The aim of the research summarised here was to find out how local communities cope with the problems of economic transition and which conditions (social, institutional, organisational and cultural) either facilitate or hinder their adaptation. Consequently we are concerned with collective social activities oriented toward the solution of social problems and threats impacting on the whole community. The analysis should enable the identification of:
collective social activities and group strategies that a local community applies in order to eliminate social threats and seek opportunities for development;
resources that a local community can locate and mobilise to cope with changes in life chances and development opportunities.
For the purposes of this research 'local community' is defined as a territorially distinct self-governing social group
within which members satisfy their basic needs, create a net of mutual social relations, share a common bond to the territory on which they live and ascribe a mutual significance and sense of belonging to the local community;
within which primary and informal groups, associations, organisations and institutions develop their activity and interact with one another;
the life of which is organised by the smallest unit of self-government (the municipal council), whose task is to coordinate the pursuit of

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Local Communities and Post-Communist Transformation: Czechoslovakia, the Czech Republic and Slovakia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Basees/Routledgecurzon Series on Russian and East European Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Contributors ix
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgements xv
  • 1 - Sociological Readings of Post-Communist Lifeworlds 1
  • Notes 13
  • Bibliography 14
  • 2 - Civil Society and Political Parties in the Czech Republic 19
  • Bibliography 39
  • 3 - Agents for Community Self-Determination? Experiences of Local Actors 41
  • Notes 85
  • Bibliography 89
  • 4 - The Slovak Union of Nature and Landscape Conservationists 92
  • Notes 103
  • 5 - Electronics Industry Workers in Slovakia 1995–2000 105
  • Notes 123
  • Bibliography 124
  • 6 - Case Studies from the Electronics Industry 126
  • Notes 141
  • 7 - The Czech Republic 1990–2000 143
  • Notes 158
  • Bibliography 159
  • 8 - Civic Potential as a Differentiating Factor in the Development of Local Communities 161
  • Bibliography 182
  • 9 - Group Strategies of Local Communities in Slovakia Facing Social Threats 184
  • Bibliography 205
  • 10 - The Narrativisation of Social Transformation 206
  • Notes 216
  • Bibliography 218
  • Index 221
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