(19:1, 2) God spoke to Moses, telling him to speak to the entire assembly of the children of Israel and say to them: You must be holy, since I am your God and I am holy.
Speak to the entire assembly This chapter was stated in the presence of the entire people and not just to the leaders. And why so? Because many of the major doctrines of the Torah are contained in this portion, such as “You must love your neighbor as you love yourself” (19:18) (Torat Kohanim).
You must be holy You become holy by keeping away from the incestuous relations mentioned in the previous portion.
since I am holy If you sanctify yourselves, I consider it as if you had sanctified Me (Torat Kohanim).
(19:3) Every person must respect his mother and father, and keep My Sabbaths. I am God your Lord.
his mother and father R. Shimon said: In most places in the Torah, the father is mentioned before the mother, as in “Honor your father and your mother” (Exodus 20:12). This may lead