Aggadah: Ethical and inspirational teachings of the Talmud.
Amidah: Important part of daily prayer, also called Shemoneh esrei.
B'nei Yisrael: The children of Israel.
baal teshuvah: A newly observant Jew.
Bet Hamikdash: Temple.
bet midrash: House of study.
brit: Ritual circumcision.
Chumash: Five books of Moses.
ephod: The half cape worn by Aaron and later high priests when performing the service in the Tabernacle and Temple.
Eretz Yisrael: The Land of Israel.
Halachah: Torah and rabbinic law.
Hallel: meaning “praise”; a prayer consisting of Psalms 113–118 that is recited on festivals.
kashruth: Laws of kosher food.
Kiddush: Blessing recited over wine before Sabbath or holiday meal.
kohen(pl.kohanim): Priest (s), members of the priestly tribe.
Kohen Gadol: High priest.