The South vs. the South: How Anti-Confederate Southerners Shaped the Course of the Civil War

By William W. Freehling | Go to book overview

4
From Neutrality to Unionism

When President Lincoln recruited Southerners to help Northerners squelch the Confederacy, he had unyielding priorities: First go after whites; only then go after blacks. The first priority helped make Lincoln no Great Emancipator in the 1861–;62 years. By rejecting federally imposed emancipation, the early Civil War president maneuvered to hold Border South neutrals in the Union and to lure Union supporters from the Confederacy's Middle South white belts. He succeeded on both scores. His double success with southern whites gave the Union greater manpower, a stronger economy, and a larger domain. These slave state resources boosted free labor states' capacity to shoulder the Union's heavier Civil War burden. 1


1

As war began, Lincoln considered Border South neutrality as malignant as disunion. Yet Lincoln treated the malign with remarkable tact. Partly a border

-47-

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The South vs. the South: How Anti-Confederate Southerners Shaped the Course of the Civil War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents *
  • Maps and Illustrations ix
  • Preface xi
  • Part One - The Other House Divided 1
  • 1 - The Union's Task 3
  • 2 - Fault Lines in the Pre-Civil War South 17
  • 3 - The Secession Crisis 33
  • Part Two - Southern White Anti-Confederates 45
  • 4 - From Neutrality to Unionism 47
  • 5 - The Jackpot 65
  • Part Three - Southern Black Anti-Confederates 83
  • 6 - The Delay 85
  • 7 - The Collaboration 115
  • 8 - The Harvest 141
  • Part Four - Last Full Measure 175
  • 9 - The Last Best Hope 177
  • 10 - The Taproot and Its Blight 201
  • Notes 207
  • Index 231
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