An Overview of Dyadic
Processes in Interpersonal
Barbara Mae Gayle and Raymond W. Preiss
As a way to approach interpersonal communication processes, we selected three general perspectives as the framework for this book. The first section emphasized individual characteristics and behaviors, and we now examine the empirical literature focusing on the dyad as a central issue in interpersonal communication. We were mindful of both the uniqueness and suitability criteria as we selected and arranged the empirical summaries in this section. In this overview, we make the case for dyadic processes, summarize some of the recent contributions in this area, and offer connections to the meta-analyses in this section. In Part III, we turn our attention to approaches that emphasize the interaction as a way to explain interpersonal communication processes and outcomes.
Dyadic communication is based upon the premise that “each participant affects and is affected by the other” (Wilrnot, 1987, p. 38). As Duck and Pittman (1994) explained, it is
through the daily activities of talk … that two partners in a relationship achieve a comprehension of one another's psychology, an understanding of