Interpersonal Communication Research: Advances through Meta-Analysis

By Mike Allen; Raymond W. Preiss et al. | Go to book overview

15
Couples Negotiating
Safer Sex Behaviors:
A Meta-Analysis of the
Impact of Conversation
and Gender
Mike Allen, Tara M. Emmers-Sommer, and Tara L. Crowell

In 1981, AIDS was first diagnosed in the United States. Since then, more than 250,000 Americans have died of AIDS and by the year 2000 it was estimated that 40 million people worldwide would be diagnosed as HIV positive [CDC], 1994. HIV represents a potentially fatal health risk for every sexually active person in the world.1 Fortunately, until a cure or vaccine is found, an individual's risk of HIV infection due to sexual transmission can be greatly reduced through the use of condoms. Despite the effectiveness of consistent and careful condom use, many sexually active Americans are still engaging in unprotected sexual activities. Bruce, Shrum, Trefethen, and Slovik (1990) indicated that 97% of young adults are knowledgeable about HIV and how to curtail transmission but many persons still engage in risky sexual behaviors.

____________________
1
The two other principle methods of transmission are blood transfusions and needle sharing among intravenous drug users.

-263-

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