Book 131 covers the thirty-fourth and part of the thirty-fifth day; cf. Appendix A. It brings Odysseus' departure from Scheria (18–80), a 'seavoyage' scene (81–92), 'landing' type-scene (93–124), Olympic scene (125–87), and the meeting between Athena and Odysseus, which is a combination of the 'delayed recognition' story-pattern (187–358) and a 'god meets mortal' scene (221–440).
We move from the sea to land, from fairytale countries to Ithaca (again), from Odysseus' external to his internal nostos,2 i.e., his reintegration into Ithacan society and his oikos as king, husband, father, and master of the house. Odysseus' meeting with Athena marks an upward turn in the hero's fortunes: instead of being persecuted by a god (Poseidon), he will be openly helped by one (Athena); instead of passively enduring his fate, he will actively decide that of others (the Suitors). Even though he still has much to endure, all takes place in the certainty of future revenge.
In the conversation with Athena lines are set out both for the second half of the Odyssey as a whole (Odysseus' revenge on the Suitors, to which the pace and manner of the reunions with his philoi are made subservient), and for the next three books (Odysseus' stay with Eumaeus in 14, Telemachus' return to Ithaca in 15, and the reunion of father and son at Eumaeus' place in 16). The encounter with this goddess, in which Odysseus conceals his name and invents a lying tale, is also a 'rehearsal' for more serious encounters to follow, when hiding his identity will be a matter of life and death.
1–2 The same reaction as after Odysseus stopped narrating the first____________________