Anecdotes of Painting in England: With Some Account of the Principal Artists - Vol. 2

By Horace Walpole | Go to book overview

BALTHAZAR DENNER,

(1685—1747,)

of Hamburg, 1 one of those laborious artists whose works surprise rather than please, and who could not be so excellent if they had not more patience than genius, came hither upon encouragement from the king, who had seen some of his works at Hanover, 2 and promised to sit to him, but Denner succeeding ill in the pictures of two of the favourite German ladies, he lost the footing he had expected at court: his fame, however, rose very high on his exhibiting the head of an old woman that he brought over with him, about sixteen inches high, and thirteen wide, in which the grain of the skin, the hairs, the down, the glassy humour of the eyes, were represented with the most exact minuteness. It gained him more applause than custom, for a man could not execute many works who employed so much time to finish them. Nor did he even find a purchaser here ; but the emperor bought the picture for six hundred ducats. At Hamburg he began a companion to it, an old man, which he brought over and finished here in 1726, and sold like the former. He painted himself, his wife and children, with the same circumstantial detail, and a half-length of

____________________
1
[Or of Altona, where he was brought up: he lived some time with a painter at Dantzig. He came first to England in 1715, and again in 1721; but not satisfied with the success he met with here, he returned finally to Germany, in 1728. He died rich, at Rostock, in 1749, or, according to Van Gool, at Hamburg, in 1747. He painted Frederick IV. king of Denmark, about twenty times. See Van Gool, Nieuwe Schouburg, &c.—W.]
2
The admiration which Denner's peculiar talent procured for him in Germany, unequalled by any other painter, of elaborate finishing and exact representation of the human skin, occasioned a rivalship, both with respect to employment and reward among the princes of that country. His visit to London was shortened, says Descamps (tom. iv. p. 256), "parce qu'il ne put supporter 1'odeur * du charbon de terre." The Emperor Charles VI. gave him for his head, or rather face, of an old woman, and for which he had refused 500l. [guineas] in London, the large sum of 5,875 florins, † and placed it in a cabinet, of which he always kept the key himself. His frequent journeys and migrations are particularized by Descamps; but his great patron was Christian VI. of Denmark. The Empress of Russia offered him 1,000 ducats, and to defray the expenses of his journey, if he would come to her court, which he refused to accept. His most laboriously minute manner has been frequently imitated by German artists ; but in England his genuine works are most rare.—D.—[There are two heads, called Youth and Age, at Hampton-court.—W.

* [The smoke? Damp, Van Gool.—W.]

† [4,700 imperial florins; Van Gool. 470l. sterling.—W.]

-285-

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Anecdotes of Painting in England: With Some Account of the Principal Artists - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Anecdotes of Painting in England; *
  • Contents to Vol. II *
  • List of Illustrations—vol. Ii. v
  • William Dobson, (1610—1646,) *
  • Gerard Honthorst, - (1592—1660,) 5
  • Artemisia Gentileschi, - (1590—1642,) 11
  • Nicholas Laniere, - (1568—1649,) 12
  • — Weesop 15
  • John De Critz 15
  • Francis Barlow, - (1626- 1702,) 20
  • Sir James Palmer, 23
  • Samuel Butler, 24
  • John Hoskins. - (— 1664.) 29
  • Alexander Cooper 30
  • Anne Carlisle, 31
  • John Petitot, - (1607—1691,) 31
  • Andrew Kearne, 40
  • John Schurman, 40
  • Edward Pierce, 40
  • Enoch Wyat 45
  • Zachary Taylor 46
  • John Osborn 46
  • Martin Johnson 46
  • —green, 47
  • Christian Van Vianen. 47
  • Francis Fanelli, 48
  • Theodore Rogiers 50
  • Thomas Rawlins. 50
  • John Varin, or Warin, - (1604—1672,) 51
  • Inigo Jones, - (1572—1652,) 52
  • Chapter XI - Artists During the Interregnum. 71
  • General Lambert, 71
  • Robert Walker, 71
  • Edward Mascall 73
  • — Heywood. 73
  • Peter Blondeau and Thomas Violet 74
  • Francis Carter 74
  • Chapter Xii. - Painters and Other Artists in the Reign of Charles Ii. 76
  • Isaac Fuller. - (— 1672.) 78
  • Cornelius Boll, 82
  • John Freeman, 82
  • Remèe, or Remigius Van Lemput, 82
  • Henry Anderton 87
  • Samuel Van Hoogstraten, - (1627—1678,) 88
  • Balthazar Van Lemens, - (1637—1704,) 89
  • Mr. William Lightfoot, 91
  • Sir Peter Lely, - (1618—1680,) 91
  • Joseph Buckshorn, 102
  • John Greenhill, - (1649—1676,) 102
  • ——— Davenport, 103
  • Prosper Henry Lankrink, - (1628- 1692,) 103
  • John Vander Eyden, 105
  • Mrs. Anne Killigrew, - (1660—1685,) 106
  • ———bustler, [or Bosseler,] 107
  • Daniel Boon, 108
  • Isaac Paling, 108
  • Henry Paert, or Peart, 108
  • Henry Dankers, 108
  • Parrey Walton, 109
  • Thomas Flatman, - (1663—1688,) 110
  • Le Fevre De Venise, 112
  • Henry Gascar, 114
  • Simon Varelst, 114
  • Antonio Verrio, - (1639—1707,) 117
  • James Huysman, or Housman, - (1656—1696,) 121
  • Michael Wright 123
  • Edmund Ashfield, 125
  • Peter Roestraten, - (1627—1698,) 125
  • Gerard Soest, Called Zoust, - (1637—1681,) 126
  • [william] Reader, 128
  • John Loten, 128
  • Thomas Manby, 129
  • Nicholas Byer, 129
  • Adam Coloni, (1634—1681,) 129
  • John Griffiere, [the Old, 1645—1718,] 129
  • Thomas Stevenson, 133
  • Philip Duval, 133
  • Edward Hawker 133
  • Sir John Gawdie, - (1639—1708,) 134
  • B. Flesshier, 134
  • Benedetto Genaro, - (1633—1715,) 134
  • Gaspar Netscher, - (1639—1684,) 135
  • Jacob Pen, 136
  • Sunman, 136
  • William Shephard, 136
  • — Steiner, 136
  • Peter Stoop, - (1619—1686,) 136
  • ——— Waggoner, 138
  • Alexander Souville, 138
  • William Vandevelde, - (1610—1693,) 138
  • William Vandevelde the Younger. - (1633—1707.) 139
  • John Vosterman, 141
  • William Wissing, - (1656—1687,) 142
  • Adrian Henny, or Hennin, 143
  • Herbert Tuer 143
  • Tempesta and Tomaso, 144
  • Samuel Cooper, - (1609—1672,) 145
  • Richard Gibson, - (1616—1690,) 149
  • William Gibson, 151
  • Edward Gibson, 151
  • John Dixon, 151
  • Alexander Marshall, 152
  • William Hassel, 152
  • Matthew Snelling, 153
  • Mary Beale, - (1632—1697,) 153
  • Charles Beale, 160
  • Elizabeth Neal 161
  • Chapter XIII - Statuaries, Carvers, Architects, and Medallists, in the Reign of Charles Ii. 164
  • Thomas Burman 164
  • Bowden, Latham, and Bonne, 164
  • William Emmett 164
  • Francis Du Sart, 167
  • Grinling Gibbons, - (1648-1721,) 167
  • Lewis Payne 173
  • Architecture, 173
  • John Webb, 174
  • Captain William Winde, 174
  • — Marsh, 175
  • Monsieur Pouget, 175
  • Sir Christopher Wren, - (1632—1723,) 175
  • The Rotiers, 184
  • — Du Four. 187
  • George Bower, 188
  • Chapter Xiv. - Artists in the Reign of James Ii. 190
  • William G. Ferguson, 190
  • Jacques Rousseau, 190
  • Charles De La Fosse, - (1640—1716,) 191
  • N. Heude 192
  • William De Keisar, 192
  • [nicholas] Largilliere, - (1656-1746,) 193
  • John Sybrecht, - (1630—1703,) 194
  • Henry Tilson 195
  • — Fancati, 195
  • Thomas Beniere, 195
  • — Quellin, 196
  • Thomas East 196
  • Chapter XV - Painters in the Reign of King William. 201
  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, - (1648—1723,) 202
  • John James Bakker 214
  • Jacob Vander Roer, 214
  • John Pieters 215
  • John Baptist Monoyer, - (1635—1699,) 215
  • Henry Vergazon, 217
  • Philip Boul, 217
  • Edward Bubois 217
  • Simon Dubois, - (— 1708,) 217
  • Henry Cooke, - (1642—1700,) 218
  • Peter Berchett, - (1659-1720,) 220
  • Louis Cheron, - (1660—1713,) 220
  • John Riley, - (1646—1691,) 221
  • John Closterman, - (1656—1713,) 222
  • William Deryke, 223
  • Dirk Maas, or Theodore Maas, 223
  • Peter Vander Meulen, 224
  • Paul Mignart, 224
  • Frederic Kerseboom - (1632—1690,) 225
  • Sevonyans, [antony Schoonjans,] - (1655—1726) 226
  • Sir John [baptist] Medina - (1659—1711) 226
  • Marcellus Laroon - (1653—1702) 228
  • Thomas Pembroke 229
  • Francis Le Piper, - (—1740,) 229
  • Thomas Sadler 231
  • Godfrey Schalken, - (1643—1796,) 231
  • Gaspar Smitz, - (— 1707,) 233
  • Thomas Van Wyck - (1616—1686) 234
  • John Van Wyck, - (— 1702,) 235
  • Sir Martin Beckman, 235
  • Henry Van [der] Straaten, 235
  • J. Woolaston, 236
  • John Schnell, - (1672—1714,) 237
  • Sir Ralph Cole, [baronet,] 237
  • — Hefele, 237
  • The Bishop of Ely. 238
  • Simon Digby, 238
  • Susan Penelope Rose, 238
  • Mary More, 238
  • John Bushnell, - (— 1701,) 239
  • Thomas Stanton, 241
  • D. Le Marchand 241
  • William Talman, 241
  • Sir William Wilson 242
  • Chapter XVI - Painters and Other Artists in the Reign of Queen Anne. 243
  • [antonio] Pelegrini, - (1675—1741,) 243
  • Marco Ricci, or Rizzi, - (1679—1729,) 244
  • — Baker 245
  • James Bogdani 245
  • William Claret, - (— 1706,) 245
  • Thomas Murray, - (1666—1724,) 246
  • Hugh Howard, - (—1737,) 246
  • James Parmentier, - (1658—1730,) 247
  • John Vander Vaart, - (1647—1721,) 248
  • Rhodolphus Shmutz - (—— 1715,) 248
  • — Preudhomme, 249
  • Colonel Seymour, 249
  • [charles] Boit, - (— 1726,) 249
  • Lewis Crosse, - (— 1724,) 251
  • Francis Bird. - (1667—1731.) 252
  • Sir John Vanbrugh, - (1666—1726,) 254
  • —roberti, 258
  • —bagotti 258
  • John Croker 258
  • Louis Laguerre, - (1663—1721,) 261
  • Michael Dahl, - (1656—1743,) 264
  • Peter Angelis, - (1685—1734,) 266
  • Antony Russel, - (— 1743,) 267
  • Luke Cradock, - (— 1717,) 267
  • Peter Casteels, - (1684—1749,) 268
  • —d'Agar, 269
  • Charles Jervas, - (1675—1739.) 269
  • Jonathan Richardson - (1665—1745) 273
  • [giuseppe] Grisoni - (— 1769) 277
  • William Aikman - (1682-1731) 278
  • John Alexander, 278
  • Sir James Thornhill, - (1676—1734,) 279
  • Robert Brown 283
  • [antonio] Bellucci, - (1654—1726,) 283
  • Balthazar Denner, - (1685—1747,) 285
  • Francis [paul] Ferg, - (1689—1740,) 286
  • Thomas Gibson, - (1680—1751,) 287
  • [thomas] Hill 287
  • Peter Monamy, - (— 1749,) 287
  • James Van Huysum, 288
  • James Maubert, - (—1746,) 288
  • [antoine] Pesne, - (1683—1757,) 288
  • John Stevens, 288
  • John Smibert, - (— 1751,) 289
  • — Trevett - (— 1723) 290
  • Henry Trench - (— 1726) 290
  • Peter Tillemans - (1684—1734) 290
  • John Vanderbank, - (1694—1739,) 292
  • Samuel Barker, 292
  • Peter Vanbleeck - (—1764,) 292
  • [herman] Vandermijn, - (1684—1741,) 293
  • Enoch Zeeman. - (— 1744.) 294
  • [antoine] Watteau. - (1684—1721,) 295
  • Robert Woodcock, - (1692—1728,) 296
  • Isaac Whood - (1689—1752) 297
  • [isaac] Vogelsang, - (1688—1753,) 297
  • — Zurich, - (— 1735,) 297
  • Christian Richter, - (— 1732) 298
  • Jacques Antoine Arlaud - (1668—1743) 298
  • Mrs. Hoadley, 300
  • Chapter XVIII - Architects and Other Artists in the Reign of George I. 302
  • Nicholas Hawksmoor. - (1667—1736.) 303
  • James Gibbs, - (1683—1754,) *
  • Colin Campbell, 312
  • John James, 312
  • — Carpentiere, 313
  • Charles Christian Reisen, - (1680—1725,) 313
  • Chapter XIX - Painters in the Reign of King George Ii. 316
  • Hans Huyssing, 317
  • Charles Collins 317
  • — Cooper 318
  • Bartholo Mew Dandridge, 318
  • —— Damini, 318
  • Jeremiah Davison, - (— 1745,) 318
  • John Ellis, 318
  • Philip Mercier, - (1689—1760,) 319
  • Joseph Francis Nollekins, - (1702—1747,) 319
  • — Robinson, 320
  • Andréa Soldi, 320
  • Chevalier Rusca, 320
  • Stephen Slaughter - (— 1765,) 321
  • James Worsdale 321
  • Ranelagh Barrett - (— 1768,) 321
  • John Wootton, - (— 1765,) 322
  • Joseph Highmore, - (1692—1780,) 322
  • Thomas Hudson, - (1701—1779,) 323
  • Francis Hayman, - (1708—1776,) 324
  • Samuel Scott, - (—1772,) 325
  • Mr. Taverner, 326
  • George Knapton - (1698—1778) 326
  • Francis Cotes, - (1726—1770,) 327
  • William Oram 327
  • John Shackleton 327
  • Giacomo Amiconi, - (1675—1762,) 327
  • James Seymour - (1702—1752,) 329
  • John Baptist Vanloo, - (1684—1746,) 330
  • Joseph Vanaken. 331
  • — Clermont, 332
  • [antonio] Canaletti, - (1697—1768,) 332
  • — Joli, 333
  • George Lambert, - (— 1765.) 333
  • Thomas Worlidge, - (1700—1766,) 334
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