like his countryman and cotemporary, Milton, disclosed the beauties of ancient Greece, and established simplicity, harmony and proportion. That school, however, was too chaste to flourish long. 1 Sir Christopher Wren lived to see it almost expire before him; and after a mixture of French and Dutch ugliness had expelled truth, without erecting any certain style in its stead, Vanbrugh, with his ponderous and unmeaning 2 masses overwhelmed architecture in mere masonry. Will posterity believe that such piles were erected in the very period when St. Paul's was finishing?
Vanbrugh's immediate successors had no taste ; yet some of them did not forget that there was such a science as regular architecture. Still, there was a Mr. Archer, the groom-porter, who built Hethrop, 3 and a temple at Wrest; 4 and one Wakefield, who gave the design of Helmsley;5 each of whom seemed to think that Vanbrugh had delivered the art from shackles, and that they might build whatever seemed good in their own eyes. Yet, before I mention the struggles made by the art to resume its just empire, there was a disciple of Sir Christopher Wren's that ought not to be forgotten ; his name was
At eighteen he became the scholar of Wren, under whom, during his life, and on his own account after his master's death, he was concerned in erecting many public edifices.____________________
"And Helmsley, once proud Buckingham's delight,
Slides to a scrivener, or a city knight."
Pope, Imit. Horace, Sat. 2.—D.