The Great Psychotherapy Debate: Models, Methods, and Findings

By Bruce E. Wampold | Go to book overview

6
General Effects:
The Alliance as a Case in Point

In chapter 4, when the Dodo bird declared, with regard to psychotherapy, that “All must have prizes, ” the evidence that specific ingredients were not crucial components of psychological treatments began to accumulate. In chapter 5, the search for the efficacy of particular specific ingredients revealed little evidence that any one ingredient was necessary to produce therapeutic results. Examination of the efficacy of placebo treatments, which contain some but not all common factors, revealed that common factors are indeed related to outcome. Thus far, the evidence seems to indicate that specific ingredients account for little of the variance in outcomes, whereas common factors appear to account for at least a modest amount of variance. If this is the case, then there should be one or more common factors that can consistently be shown to be necessary to produce beneficial outcomes. In this chapter, the size of the general effects produced by the therapeutic alliance will be estimated. If the general effects for this one common factor are relatively large, particularly in comparison with specific effects, then evidence is found to support the contextual model of psychotherapy rather than the medical model of psychotherapy.

The alliance between the client and the therapist is the most frequently mentioned common factor in the psychotherapy literature (Grencavage & Norcross, 1990). The concept of the alliance between therapist and client originated in the psychoanalytic tradition and was conceptualized as the healthy, affectionate, and trusting feelings toward the therapist, as differentiated from the neurotic component (i.e., transference) of the relationship.

-149-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Great Psychotherapy Debate: Models, Methods, and Findings
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 263

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.