I am indebted to Andrew Mack for his perspicacious advice throughout the preparation of this study. I would also like to acknowledge the substantial input that I received from James L. Richardson, W. Seth Carus, Trevor Findlay, and Graeme Cheeseman, as well as various feedback at different stages from Greg Austin, Desmond Ball, Gail Craswell, Greg Fry, Brian Job, Greg Noble, Richard Speier, and Ramesh Thakur. Thanks also to Mike Fitzgibbon, Ted Greenwood, and Henry Sokolski for helping to come up with the initial idea for this study. I am also grateful to those who worked so hard on the mammoth freedom of information requests that I generated, especially Anne Moores and John Scott at DFAT and William Harris at the Bush Presidential Library. Finally, I would like to thank the many past and present officials who spared their valuable time for the often lengthy interviews that made the case studies possible.
This book is dedicated to my wife Cynthia Skelton, and to my parents, Samuel James and Doris Jean Cooper.