This chapter constructs a comprehensive typology of national proliferation response. It is tailored to serve as a framework for comparable national case studies spanning multiple proliferation areas. Such a novel typology is necessitated by the paucity of existing conceptual models offering a fully satisfactory basis for this type of national-level comparative analysis (Cooper, 1999).
The chapter begins by establishing the outer boundaries of proliferation response by distinguishing it from closely related concepts. It then posits three basic antiproliferation strategies: (1) capability-denial, (2) nonpossession norm-building, and (3) consequence-management. Finally, it describes various policy instruments that support each of these strategies. Examination of the strengths, weaknesses, and compatibility of these strategies is taken up in Chapter 2.
It is important to set the conceptual parameters of proliferation response by demarcating cognate concepts. Antiproliferation as a distinctive class of activities evolved from various Cold War antecedents