This chapter provides a comprehensive account of the evolution of U.S. responses to chemical, biological, and missile proliferation over the past two decades. It opens with a chronological overview, including the general priority that Washington has accorded to proliferation response, and general initiatives encompassing all of the proliferation areas. It then examines U.S. proliferation response in separate case studies for each of the three subject proliferation areas. Finally, it summarizes common patterns that are discernible across these various sets of observations.
Prior to the 1980s, the United States for all intents and purposes did not conceive of a proliferation problem in the CB/M areas. The threat posed by these weapons categories was seen almost exclusively in terms of the Soviet Union and its allies. The tiny nonproliferation bureaucracy of the time was concerned solely with the spread of nuclear weapons. The level of media and Congressional interest in nonnuclear