This chapter seeks to compare the findings from the two embedded sets of case studies in Chapters 3 and 4. It then analyzes possible causal explanations for the primary ensuing comparative finding.
Comparison of the major patterns discerned in each of the two sets of case studies reveals considerable discord between the United States and Australia on numerous specific policy issues across proliferation areas over a period of nearly two decades. Indeed, instances where the two governments have agreed—for example, on the need to expand the scope of controls in the early years of the AG—have been relatively few, short lived, and far between. Ironically, the most notable case where they ostensibly saw eye to eye for an extended period on a major policy issue was during the 1980s regarding “anytime, anywhere” CWC verification. In reality, this agreement was based on such contrary motivations and intentions that it can be fairly characterized as the exception that proves the rule.
This discordant record has not been lost on either government. Interviews attest that past and present officials on both sides are widely