Chemical-Biological Defense: U.S. Military Policies and Decisions in the Gulf War

By Albert J.Mauroni | Go to book overview

Notes

CHAPTER 1:

INCIDENTS IN THE GULF

1.
Combat leaders often forget of the combat support role played by chemical soldiers in Vietnam, including the aircraft-mounted M3 concealed personnel detectors (“people-sniffers”), the flame support missions and Ranch Hand operations. Also forgotten were the smoke, flame and chemical mortar operations of the Korean era. All these operations put chemical soldiers in the line of fire next to their combat arms brethren.
2.
Field manuals released include FM 3-3, Contamination Avoidance, dated May 1987, FM 3-4, Protection, dated October 1985, FM 3-5, Decontamination, dated June 1985, FM 3-6, Field Behavior of NBC Agents, dated November 1986, FM 3-50, Deliberate Smoke Operations, dated October 1984, FM 3-100, NBC Operations, dated September 1985, FM 3-101, Chemical Staff and Units, dated April 1987.
3.
The 71st Chemical Company was the first smoke/decon unit. Other dual units activated prior to 1986 were actually decontamination units refitted as dual-purpose (Smoke/Decon).
4.
Colonel Mike Ahern, personal letter to author, April 10, 1995.
5.
Lieutenant Colonel (Ret.) Mike D'Andries, interview with author, Edgewood, MD, February 1996.
6.
Colonel Rick Read, interview with author, Edgewood, MD, July 1996.
7.
Association of the United States Army [hereafter AUSA], Personal Perspectives on the Gulf War (Arlington, VA: Institute of Land Warfare [ILW], 1993), p. 21.
8.
Specialist Frank Clark, e-mail message to author, March 17, 1995.
9.
Lieutenant Colonel Stephen Franke, e-mail message to author, June 8, 1995.
10.
AUSA, Personal Perspectives, p. 75.
11.
AUSA, Personal Perspectives, pp. 86-87.
12.
Captain Shirley DeGroot, e-mail message to author, August 28, 1995.
13.
Colonel (Ret.) Bob Thornton, interview with author, Anniston, AL, May 22, 1995.
14.
Captain Nick Swayne, e-mail messages to author, March 21 and 23, 1995.

-209-

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Chemical-Biological Defense: U.S. Military Policies and Decisions in the Gulf War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures ix
  • Foreword xi
  • Preface xv
  • Acknowledgments xvii
  • Abbreviations xix
  • Chapter 1 - Incidents in the Gulf 1
  • Chapter 2 - Deployment to the Desert 19
  • Chapter 3 - Building Up the Defense 43
  • Chapter 4 - Move to the Offense 61
  • Chapter 5 - Tensions Rise in the Gulf 75
  • Chapter 6 - Operation Desert Storm Begins 91
  • Chapter 7 - “…and Then We Are Going to Kill It” 109
  • Chapter 8 - After-Action Report 129
  • Chapter 9 - Agent Orange Revisited? 151
  • Chapter 10 - Conclusion 169
  • Appendix A 187
  • Appendix B 191
  • Appendix C 201
  • Notes 209
  • Selected Bibliography 227
  • Index 231
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