Bosnia and the New Collective Security

By Elinor C. Sloan | Go to book overview

Chapter 7

Conclusion

THE ROLE OF PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS IN MANAGING NONTRADITIONAL CRISES

Characteristics of Peacekeeping

The international community's experience in Bosnia has done much to shed light on the role of peace support operations in managing nontraditional crises. It has highlighted the fact that for peacekeeping to be effective the peacekeeping principles of impartiality, consent of the parties to the dispute, and use of force in self-defense must be operative—that is, workable in the context of the mandate. In the humanitarian assistance mission, UNPROFOR's mandate was such that it would have been justified in using force to push the aid convoys through. However, the mission had been conceived as a peacekeeping operation and therefore possessed neither the manpower nor the equipment to undertake such a task. Rather, the effective implementation of UNPROFOR's mandate had been premised on “the active cooperation of the parties, ” 1 which in turn was dependent on the force being perceived as impartial. But the mandate itself contradicted these very principles. Because the mandate was not fully compatible with the principle of impartiality, the parties did not always cooperate with the United Nations; because UNPROFOR did not have the array of weapons required to ensure the delivery of humanitarian aid when the parties did not cooperate, a substantial amount of aid could not be delivered. The inherent contradictions in the humanitarian assistance mandate were exacerbated by giving

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Bosnia and the New Collective Security
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Acronyms xiii
  • Chapter 1 - The Range of Choice: Crisis Management Tools for the Post-Cold War Era 1
  • Chapter 2 - Prelude to the Bosnian Crisis 11
  • Chapter 3 - Peacekeeping in Bosnia 19
  • Chapter 4 - Peacemaking in Bosnia 45
  • Chapter 5 - Peace Enforcement in Bosnia 71
  • Chapter 6 - Peacebuilding in Bosnia 83
  • Chapter 7 - Conclusion 99
  • Appendix 1 113
  • Appendix 2 115
  • Selected Bibliography 119
  • Index 125
  • About the Author 129
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