This project was not achieved without the help of others. Those who assisted the author directly, as well as those who indirectly helped must be acknowledged. My research assistants during the past two years have mined the literature for relevant material. They are Gaurav Bansal and Amit Sinha from India and Frank Fofie and Peter Meso from West Africa. Their assistance was above and beyond the call of duty.
The subject of financing international trade has been one of the focal points in my international financial management courses as well as commercial banking classes I have taught. The stimulation from the discussions of many of my students during the past twenty-five years in these classrooms has given yeast to the project. Some of these students should be singled out. They include Ivan Azarov, John J. Badock, Jr., Margaret M. Bowers, Kathy Caric, Mike Griffith, Gayle L. Kangas, Brad Kauffman, Kyle Koenig, Yingjuan Li, Michael T. Likovetz, Morgan Lockard, Carolina Rubiano, Staci Savage, Julie Simpson, Laurie A. Skul, Ryan Stannert, Jarrod Tudor, Zhengjun Wang, Daniel Ward, Karen Wasiltschikow, and James W. Ziots, Jr. I must single out James Ebert for his assistance with the arcane topic of banker's acceptances, discussed in Chapter 3.
A number of agencies contributed material covering current operations and individuals from these institutions should be singled out for their assistance. Especially helpful were Joseph L. Butler of the U.S. Export-Import Bank and Lesley C. Weldon of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The U.S. Small Business Administration also furnished