Other works by Hulme include Lost Possessions (1985), Te Kaihua (1987), and Bait (1999).
HURSTON, ZORA NEALE
Born in 1891 in Eatonville, Florida, the African American novelist and folklorist Zora Neale Hurston grew up in the first incorporated, self-governing, all-black town in the United States—an experience that left a profound mark on her sense of racial identity as well as on her fictional and nonfictional writings. Her father, John Hurston, was a Baptist preacher and served as the mayor of Eatonville for three terms. Her mother, Lucy, was a strong female role model who encouraged Zora's independent and creative spirit. After her mother died when she was only nine years old, Zora was rejected by her father and his new wife and took up a wanderer's existence. At age fourteen, she joined a Gilbert and Sullivan traveling dramatic troupe, working as a wardrobe girl and maid. After landing in Baltimore, she enrolled in Morgan Academy and then went on to attend Howard University in Washington, D.C.
In 1925, Hurston arrived in New York City, where she became involved with the circle of writers and artists associated with the Harlem Renaissance, a black arts movement of the 1920s. Hurston contributed a story to Alain Locke's influential collection The New Negro (1925) and helped edit the journal Fire!! founded by Langston Hughes and Wallace Thurman in 1926. Hughes and Hurston collaborated on a play called Mule Bone, an artistic endeavor that led to their subsequent falling out. Hughes later criticized Hurston for playing the “perfect 'darkie'” in order to obtain patronage from wealthy white individuals. Ironically, Hughes himself accepted support from the same elderly white patron, Mrs. R. Osgood Mason, who supported Hurston for several years.