The “home” paradigm of structural functionalism is rooted in Western culture, which dominates management academia and studies of Chinese culture and management. In the first part of this chapter, the persistent Western parochialism in management research is discussed. This parochialism results in the application of Aristotelian binary logic, a foundationalist, black-and-white symbolic logic that applies its bivalent (either-or) ideology universally and without reflection. Bivalence is a consequence of a Western orientation to Truth. 1 Bivalence may be understood by examining, for example, the
1“Truth” is expressed here as a noun rather than an adjective, reflecting the latent assumption in Western Enlightenment philosophy of its existential reality as an unquestioned object with uncomplicated correspondence in empirical evidence. It is a term employed to try to capture the metanarrative underlying functionalism and scientism, which is that the world is real, mechanistic, measurable, controllable, and understandable by legitimate, objective, logical, empirical scientific method only. Truth is “found” rather than made or socially constructed. It is found through factist rationalism and is universalistic and uniform rather than pluralistic and multiform.