Two hours after the arrest, my husband went to the police station and admitted that he had lied to the police, that I had not attempted to stab him with a knife. He asked the police to release me but the police did not agree to release me without bail. When the judge decided the bail amount, my husband refused to pay on my behalf…. My lawyer worked with the court, and he advised me to plead guilty to a misdemeanor to receive a less severe sentence. I was told if I didn't plead guilty, I would be taken back to jail. Because I didn't want going back to jail and having more troubles, I pleaded guilty to an offense that I did not commit…to let things over so I could go back to my business and take care of my daughter. The judge sentenced me to 3 years on supervision [probation], 30 days of community service, and 52 weeks on counseling.
(Interview with Mai)
After the implementation of mandatory arrest policies in many areas, scholars acknowledged the problem of women being arrested in domestic violence cases (E. Buzawa & C. Buzawa, 1993; Walsh, 1995; Wanless, 1996). Under mandatory arrest policies, police officers are required to make arrests when there is evidence suggesting that violence has taken place, regardless of the victim's preference for or opposition to arrest. As presumptive and mandatory arrests become popular policies, a concomitant increase in women arrested for domestic violence offenses has resulted, either as part of dual arrest in which the victim is arrested along with her abuser or as a sole suspect (Miller, 2001). Although many criminal justice professionals and victim service providers do not believe that violence by women has increased, the number of women arrested for domestic offenses has risen following changes in arrest policies (Miller, 2001). Under these policies, many Vietnamese immigrant women have been arrested and charged with domestic assault. Their in-