Disarming Iraq: Monitoring Power and Resistance

By Michael V. Deaver | Go to book overview

4

The Security Council and Iraq: Structuring Power Relations

Although passage of SCR 687 on April 3, 1991, received scant attention in the media, which focused on the tragic plight of the Kurds fleeing government repression, the resolution proved to be a historic milestone and the basis for a new relationship with Iraq. In marked contrast to resolutions passed during the Cold War that were watered down and rarely enforced, SCR 687 made extensive demands with significant consequences for the United Nations and member states and contained concrete means of seeking their implementation. As such it is indicative of a new era of UN activism and assertiveness. The resolution provides the terms for a formal cease-fire, bringing to a close the war mode of power relations while it lays the basis for a monitoring relationship in which the United Nations seeks to control Iraqi behavior. The Security Council decided to attempt to impose disarmament on Iraq in a technocratic manner and in an atmosphere free of political contention.

In this chapter the structuring effects of the cease-fire resolution on Iraq's relations with the Security Council and the rest of the world are presented and the course of its diplomatic interaction with the UN that such effects have shaped is examined. The cease-fire resolution is a key component among the measures that the Security Council has taken to structure power relations with the Iraqi government so that they flow within the monitoring mode. The disarmament provisions of SCR 687 and subsequent relevant resolutions imposed many obligations and set many objectives that constitute a new set of particular norms that are used to judge the behavior of Iraq. Monitoring Iraqi compliance with disarmament was delegated to two agencies that reported periodically to the Security Council, while measures were taken with regard to other modes in order to channel interaction into a mode dominated by monitoring tactics. Embedded, coercive sanctions that pressed the Iraqi government to comply with the demands

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Disarming Iraq: Monitoring Power and Resistance
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - Analyzing Power Relations 9
  • 3 - Iraq's Military Development 31
  • 4 - The Security Council and Iraq: Structuring Power Relations 47
  • 5 - Monitoring Tactics 77
  • 6 - Tactical Interaction and Dynamics 103
  • 7 - The End and New Beginnings 129
  • Bibliography 141
  • Index 147
  • About the Author 152
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