Interstate compacts, except boundary ones, are administered either by a specially created body, or by departments and agencies of the member states. The governing body may be termed a board or commission, and the term selected typically reflects the name preferences of the compacting states.
The subject matter of a compact determines the best mode of administration. If a concordat provides for two or more states to construct and operate an infrastructure facility such as a bridge or a tunnel, unified administrative direction is essential. Certain metropolitan regulatory compacts, water pollution abatement ones are examples, also can function successfully if their administration is confided to a interstate commission. Departments and agencies of the compacting states, on the other hand, can administer service provision compacts readily. Similarly, a number of regulatory compacts, accreditation of teachers for example, also can be administered successfully by a state department.
This chapter focuses on (1) the appointment, removal, and suspension of members of interstate compact commissions, (2) state and congressional oversight of commissions, and (3) selected facilities, service, regulatory, river basin, recommendatory, and federal-state compacts, and quasi-interstate compacts.
The appointing officer(s) may be named in the compact, or it may simply contain a clause such as Article IV of the Interstate Environmental Compact (New Jersey-New York): “The commissioners shall be chosen in the man-