Cabelleros, Jorge Lucas.
The Christian Democratic Party's (PDC) presidential candidate in Guatemala in 1970 was Cabelleros. An attempt on his life during the campaign failed, although an anticommunist editor was killed in another attack (January). A state of seige was declared in Guatemala as a result of the two incidents. In the election, Cabelleros received only 22 percent of the vote and was not elected.
Cabora Bassa Dam.
(b. 1926, Cape Verde Islands—d. 20 January 1973, Conakry, Republic of Guinea) After studying agronomy at Lisbon, Cabral returned to Portuguese Guinea in 1952. At that time he became a member of the colonial civil service. Two years later, in 1954, he resigned, convinced that colonial rule was oppressing the nation. After moving to Angola he became involved in the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). Seeing the usefulness of such groups he returned to Portuguese Guinea and, with his brother, Luis de Almeida Cabral (qv), he formed the Partido Africano de Independencia da Guinea e Capo Verde (PAIGC) in 1956. In 1963, he became active in the leadership of PAIGC guerrilla operations against the Portuguese authorities. Cabral was an avowed Marxist who stressed the importance of the political education of the people and their participation in the revolution. He did not live to see the fruits of his labors as he was assassinated in front of his home 20 months before Guinea-Bissau gained its independence, alleged by discontented members of his own group. Reading: Patrick Chabal, Amilcar Cabral: Revolutionary Leadership and People's War (1983).
Cabral, Luis de Almeida.
(b.1931, Bissau) Co-founder, with his brother Amilcar (qv), of the Partido Africano de Independencia da Guinae e Capo Verde (PAIGC) in 1956, Cabral served until 1970 as a member of its political bureau and central committee. During the Portuguese-sponsored invasion of Conakry in November 1970, Cabral fled to Senegal. Cabral was secretary general of the National Union of Workers of Guinea-Bissau in 1961 and a member of the PAIGC Council of War from 1965 to 1980. He concurrently served in a number of other positions, including that of president of the State Council (chief of state)