Pa-ch'a (Goldinski) Island.
Pacheco Areco, Jorge.
In 1969, Jorge Pacheco Areco became the president of Uruguay, replacing Oscar Diego Gestido. One of his first acts (15 March 1969) was to begin lifting some of the restrictions put into place by the state of emergency imposed in June 1968 (see Uruguay). Many of these restrictions were caused by the increasing activities of the Tupamoro (qv) rebels and student violence. On 24 March 1970, Pacheco Areco was forced to reimpose a number of the restrictions. This caused an uproar in within his party and within the general political scene in the country. Also in 1969, Pacheco Areco appointed Juan Maria Bordaberry-Arocena (qv) as minister of agriculture. Bordaberry replaced Pacheco Areco as president on 1 March 1972. Most of his time in office, Pacheco Areco looked to extending his own presidency.
See various nations on the Pacific Rim.
Padilla Aranciba, David.
On 24 November 1978, Bolivia's president, Juan Pereda Asbun, was ousted from power in a bloodless coup. He was replaced by General David Padilla Aranciba, the army chief of staff, who headed a three-man junta. On 24 November, Padilla promised elections would be held on 1 July 1979, with the winner taking office on August 6. President Walter Guevara Arze (qv) assumed his office on 8 August.
Pahlavi, Reza, Shah of Iran (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Aryamehr).
(b. 26 October 1919, Tehran, Iran—d. 27 July 1980, Cairo, Egypt) Pahlavi was born the eldest son of an army officer, Reza Pahlavi, who in 1926 overthrew the Qajar dynasty and proclaimed himself Shah in Shah (King of Kings). Young Reza Pahlavi completed his primary education in Tehran and was then sent to Switzerland to continue his education. Upon his return to Iran in 1936, he entered the army and, after attending the Officer Training College, was commissioned a lieutenant. On 16 September 1941, the elder Pahlavi, a German sympathizer, was forced to abdicate in his son's favor by the Allies. The new shah assumed his throne at a time when large segments of his country were occupied by Soviet and British (later, American) troops. After World War II, the shah adopted a strong pro-Western policy. His relative youth and inexperience