Encyclopedia of Tariffs and Trade in U.S. History - Vol. 3

By Cynthia Clark Northrup; Elaine C. Prange Turney | Go to book overview

Tariff of 1794

With the U.S. government in need of an additional $2,400,000, Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton proposed a change in the tax structure. In addition to an increase in the tariff rates, he also suggested that Congress pass excise taxes on carriages and a direct tax on land. After much debate, legislators agreed with all of Hamilton's recommendations except for the land tax.


Tariff of 1794

“An Act laying additional Duties on Goods, Wares and Merchandise imported into the United States.”

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That from and after the last day of June instant, there shall be levied, collected and paid upon the following articles imported into the United States, in ships or vessels of the United States, the several duties herein after mentioned, over and above the duties now payable by law;—viz:

On coffee, clayed or lump sugar, per pound, one cent.

On cocoa, per pound, two cents.

On cheese, per pound, three cents.

On boots, per pair, twenty-five cents.

On shoes and slippers for men and women, and on clogs and goloshoes, per pair five cents.

On shoes and slippers for children, per pair, three cents.

On coal, per bushel, one half a cent.

—Five per cent, ad valorem:

On millinery ready made, artificial flowers, feathers and other ornaments women's headdresses, and on dolls dressed and undressed.

On cast, slit, and rolled iron, and generally, on all manufactures of iron, steel, tin, pewter, copper, brass, and of which either of those metals is the article of chief value, not being otherwise particularly enumerated, (brass, and iron wire, locks, hinges, hoes, anvils, and vises excepted).

On carpet and carpeting.

On leather tanned or tawed, and generally, all manufactures of leather, or of which leather is the article of chief value, not otherwise particularly enumerated.

On medicinal drugs, except those commonly used in dyeing.

On mats and floor cloths.

On hats, caps, and bonnets of every sort.

On gloves, mittens, stockings, fans, buttons and buckles of every kind.

On sheathing and cartridge paper.

On all powders, pastes, ball, balsams, ointments, oils, waters, washes, tinctures, es-

-12-

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Encyclopedia of Tariffs and Trade in U.S. History - Vol. 3
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Tariff of 1789 1
  • Tariff of 1790 4
  • Tariff of 1792 7
  • Tariff of 1794 12
  • Tariff of 1795 14
  • Tariff of 1796 16
  • Tariff of 1816 18
  • Tariff of 1824 23
  • Tariff of 1828 28
  • Tariff of 1832 33
  • Tariff of 1833 40
  • Tariff of 1841 42
  • Tariff of 1842 45
  • Tariff of 1846 62
  • Tariff of 1857 69
  • Tariff of 1861 72
  • Tariff of 1862 88
  • Tariff of 1864 103
  • Tariff of 1865 118
  • Tariff of 1866 122
  • Tariff of 1867 126
  • Tariff of 1871 129
  • Tariff of 1872 143
  • Tariff of 1883 167
  • Tariff of 1890 199
  • Tariff of 1894 247
  • Tariff of 1897 300
  • Tariff of 1909 353
  • Tariff of 1913 442
  • Tariff of 1922 506
  • Tariff of 1930 579
  • Index 677
  • About the Editors 687
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