Encyclopedia of Tariffs and Trade in U.S. History - Vol. 3

By Cynthia Clark Northrup; Elaine C. Prange Turney | Go to book overview

Tariff of 1846

(Walker's Tariff)

With the U.S. economy rebounding from a series of panics, the treasury experienced an increase in revenues that would have resulted in a surplus if Congress did not adjust the rates downward. Rates decreased to an average of 25 percent ad valorem, but separate schedules allowed for the taxing of luxury items at rates as high as 100 percent while at the same time placing some luxury items on the free list. After much debate, congressmen passed the legislation although government expenses continued to mount from the war with Mexico.


Tariff of 1846

“An Act reducing the Duties on Imports, and for other Purposes.”

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the first day of December next, in lieu of the duties heretofore imposed by law on the articles hereinafter mentioned, and on such as may now be exempt from duty, there shall be levied, collected, and paid, on the goods, wares, and merchandise, herein enumerated and provided for, imported from foreign countries, the following rate of duty—that is to say:

On goods, wares, or merchandise, mentioned in schedule A, a duty of one hundred per centum ad valorem.

On goods, wares, or merchandises, mentioned in schedule B, a duty of forty per centum ad valorem.

On goods, wares, and merchandise, mentioned in schedule C, a duty of thirty per centum ad valorem.

On goods, wares, and merchandise, mentioned in schedule D, a duty of twenty-five per centum ad valorem.

On goods, wares, and merchandise, mentioned in schedule E, a duty of twenty per centum ad valorem.

On goods, wares, and merchandise, mentioned in schedule F, a duty of fifteen per centum ad valorem.

On goods, wares, and merchandise, mentioned in schedule G, a duty of ten per centum ad valorem.

On goods, wares, and merchandise, mentioned in schedule H, a duty of five per centum ad valorem.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the first day of December next, the goods, wares, and merchandise, mentioned in schedule I, shall be exempt from duty.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the first day of December next, there shall be levied, collected, and paid, on all goods, wares, and merchandise, imported from foreign

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Encyclopedia of Tariffs and Trade in U.S. History - Vol. 3
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Tariff of 1789 1
  • Tariff of 1790 4
  • Tariff of 1792 7
  • Tariff of 1794 12
  • Tariff of 1795 14
  • Tariff of 1796 16
  • Tariff of 1816 18
  • Tariff of 1824 23
  • Tariff of 1828 28
  • Tariff of 1832 33
  • Tariff of 1833 40
  • Tariff of 1841 42
  • Tariff of 1842 45
  • Tariff of 1846 62
  • Tariff of 1857 69
  • Tariff of 1861 72
  • Tariff of 1862 88
  • Tariff of 1864 103
  • Tariff of 1865 118
  • Tariff of 1866 122
  • Tariff of 1867 126
  • Tariff of 1871 129
  • Tariff of 1872 143
  • Tariff of 1883 167
  • Tariff of 1890 199
  • Tariff of 1894 247
  • Tariff of 1897 300
  • Tariff of 1909 353
  • Tariff of 1913 442
  • Tariff of 1922 506
  • Tariff of 1930 579
  • Index 677
  • About the Editors 687
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