Encyclopedia of Tariffs and Trade in U.S. History - Vol. 3

By Cynthia Clark Northrup; Elaine C. Prange Turney | Go to book overview

Tariff of 1883

(Mongrel Tariff)

President Chester Arthur initiated this tariff as a means of addressing the issue of a rate reduction through the Republican Congress prior to the elections, thus stealing the issue from the Democrats. The average rate proposed would have decreased the tariff by approximately 25 percent. After ardent debate, Congress reduced the rate by a minimal average of 1.47 percent; consequently, the act became known as the “Mongrel Tariff.”


Tariff of 1883

“An act to reduce internal-revenue taxation, and for other purposes.”

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the taxes herein specified imposed by laws now in force be, and the same are hereby, repealed, as hereinafter provided, namely: On capital and deposits of banks, bankers, and national banking associations, except such taxes as are now due and payable; and on and after the first day of July, eighteen hundred and eighty-three, the stamp tax on bank checks, drafts, orders, and vouchers, and the tax on matches, perfumery, medicinal preparations, and other articles imposed by Schedule A following section thirty-four hundred and thirty-seven of the Revised Statutes: Provided, That no drawback shall be allowed upon articles embraced in said schedule that shall be exported on and after the first day of July, eighteen hundred and eighty-three: Provided further, That on and after May fifteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-three, matches may be removed by manufacturers thereof from the place of manufacture to warehouses within the United States without attaching thereto the stamps required by law, under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.

SEC. 2. That on and after the first day of May, eighteen hundred and eighty-three, dealers in leaf tobacco shall annually pay twelve dollars; dealers in manufactured tobacco shall pay two dollars and forty cents; all manufacturers of tobacco shall pay six dollars; manufacturers of cigars shall pay six dollars; peddlers of tobacco, snuff, and cigars shall pay special taxes as follows: Peddlers of the first class, as now defined by law, shall pay thirty dollars; peddlers of the second class, shall pay fifteen dollars; peddlers of the third class shall pay seven dollars and twenty cents; and peddlers of the fourth class shall pay three dollars and sixty cents. Retail dealers in leaf-tobacco shall pay two hundred and fifty dollars, and thirty cents for each dollar on the amount of their monthly sales in excess of the rate of five hundred dollars per annum: Provided, That farmers and producers of to-

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Encyclopedia of Tariffs and Trade in U.S. History - Vol. 3
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Tariff of 1789 1
  • Tariff of 1790 4
  • Tariff of 1792 7
  • Tariff of 1794 12
  • Tariff of 1795 14
  • Tariff of 1796 16
  • Tariff of 1816 18
  • Tariff of 1824 23
  • Tariff of 1828 28
  • Tariff of 1832 33
  • Tariff of 1833 40
  • Tariff of 1841 42
  • Tariff of 1842 45
  • Tariff of 1846 62
  • Tariff of 1857 69
  • Tariff of 1861 72
  • Tariff of 1862 88
  • Tariff of 1864 103
  • Tariff of 1865 118
  • Tariff of 1866 122
  • Tariff of 1867 126
  • Tariff of 1871 129
  • Tariff of 1872 143
  • Tariff of 1883 167
  • Tariff of 1890 199
  • Tariff of 1894 247
  • Tariff of 1897 300
  • Tariff of 1909 353
  • Tariff of 1913 442
  • Tariff of 1922 506
  • Tariff of 1930 579
  • Index 677
  • About the Editors 687
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