Encyclopedia of Tariffs and Trade in U.S. History - Vol. 3

By Cynthia Clark Northrup; Elaine C. Prange Turney | Go to book overview

Tariff of 1930

(Hawley-Smoot Tariff)

President Herbert Hoover originally called on Congress to adjust tariff rates for agricultural items in response to the economic downturn being experienced by American farmers. When Congress began debating the issue, the stock market had already crashed and a worldwide depression had ensued—primarily as the result of tariff barriers being raised in the newly formed nations carved out of the three former European empires after World War I. Congress included rate increases on most industrial products as well.


Tariff of 1930

“An Act To provide revenue, to regulate commerce with foreign countries, to encourage the industries of the United States, to protect American labor, and for other purposes.”

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


TITLE I—DUTIABLE LIST

SECTION 1. That on and after the day following the passage of this Act, except as otherwise provided for in this Act, there shall be levied, collected, and paid upon all articles when imported from any foreign country into the United States or into any of its possessions (except the Philippine Islands, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the island of Guam) the rates of duty which are prescribed by the schedules and paragraphs of the dutiable list of this title, namely:


SCHEDULE 1.—CHEMICALS, OIL, AND PAINTS

PARAGRAPH 1. Acids and acid anhydrides: Acetic acid containing by weight not more than 65 per centum of acetic acid, 1⅜ cents per pound; containing by weight more than 65 per centum, 2 cents per pound; acetic anhydride, 3½ cents per pound; boric acid, 1 cent per pound; chloroacetic acid, 5 cents per pound; citric acid, 17 cents per pound; formic acid, 3 cents per pound; lactic acid, containing by weight of lactic acid less than 30 per centum, 2 cents per pound; 30 per centum or more and less than 55 per centum, 4 cents per pound; and 55 per centum or more, 9 cents per pound: Provided, That any lactic-acid anhydride present shall be determined as lactic acid and included as such: And provided further, That the duty on acid, tannin, and extracts of nutgalls, containing by weight of tannic acid less than 50 per centum, 5 cents per pound; 50 per centum of more and not medicinal, 11 cents per pound;

-579-

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Encyclopedia of Tariffs and Trade in U.S. History - Vol. 3
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Tariff of 1789 1
  • Tariff of 1790 4
  • Tariff of 1792 7
  • Tariff of 1794 12
  • Tariff of 1795 14
  • Tariff of 1796 16
  • Tariff of 1816 18
  • Tariff of 1824 23
  • Tariff of 1828 28
  • Tariff of 1832 33
  • Tariff of 1833 40
  • Tariff of 1841 42
  • Tariff of 1842 45
  • Tariff of 1846 62
  • Tariff of 1857 69
  • Tariff of 1861 72
  • Tariff of 1862 88
  • Tariff of 1864 103
  • Tariff of 1865 118
  • Tariff of 1866 122
  • Tariff of 1867 126
  • Tariff of 1871 129
  • Tariff of 1872 143
  • Tariff of 1883 167
  • Tariff of 1890 199
  • Tariff of 1894 247
  • Tariff of 1897 300
  • Tariff of 1909 353
  • Tariff of 1913 442
  • Tariff of 1922 506
  • Tariff of 1930 579
  • Index 677
  • About the Editors 687
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