Encyclopedia of Modern Worldwide Extremists and Extremist Groups

By Stephen E. Atkins | Go to book overview

G

Gale, William Potter (1916-1988)

William Gale, a leader in the building of paramilitary organizations in the United States to support white supremacy groups, was born on November 20, 1916, in Saint Paul, Minnesota. His father was a policeman in Saint Paul who had, as a teenager, served in Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders in Cuba and then in the Philippines with the Fourth U.S. Cavalry. Gale's father reenlisted in the U.S. Army and Gale was raised in a military environment. Gale joined the U.S. Army Reserves in 1932 at the age of sixteen. The army sent him to San Pedro High School to graduate from high school. In 1941 Gale was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the regular army. He served as a staff aide to General Douglas MacArthur during World War II and participated in the liberation of the Philippines. During this campaign, Gale was promoted to lieutenant colonel, but he ruined his health permanently. After the war, he moved to Japan and worked on MacArthur's staff running the Japanese government. Gale retired from the military in 1950.

After leaving the army, Gale had a varied career. His first job was as a manager of government property control for Hughes Aircraft. He stayed with Hughes until 1953, living in Hollywood. Gale then studied for the ministry and became an ordained Episcopalian minister. Unhappy about various religious restrictions during his first church assignment, Gale formed his own church, the Ministry of Christ Church. After reading books written by Charles Totten, he was converted to Anglo-Israelism in 1946. He preached an early form of Christian Identity at his church. Two members of his church were Richard Girnt Butler, later head of the Aryan Nations, and Tom Metzger, later head of the White Aryan Resistance (WAR). In 1956 Gale started working in a securities brokerage business as a broker and salesperson. He was highly successful as a securities broker, but his prominent profile in right-wing causes led to his being fired. His marriage ended about the same time as his job. Using his extensive contacts in the military, Gale opened his own securities brokerage firm and soon became financially independent.

In the midst of his business and religious activities, Gale became active in politics. For a time, he worked for a conservative Republican politician and helped him win election in a California congressional race. One of his new business partners was active in the newly organized Constitution Party. This party's strong anti-communist orientation attracted Gale, and he joined the party in 1957. In 1958 he was a candidate for governor of California for the Constitution

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Encyclopedia of Modern Worldwide Extremists and Extremist Groups
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Chronology of Events vii
  • Introduction xxi
  • A 1
  • B 26
  • C 57
  • D 80
  • E 89
  • F 96
  • G 110
  • H 123
  • I 137
  • J 142
  • K 149
  • L 166
  • M 184
  • N 215
  • O 230
  • P 238
  • Q 252
  • R 253
  • S 267
  • T 291
  • U 301
  • V 304
  • W 306
  • Y 326
  • Z 328
  • Selected Bibliography 331
  • Index 339
  • About the Author 375
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