Encyclopedia of Modern Worldwide Extremists and Extremist Groups

By Stephen E. Atkins | Go to book overview

Y

Yockey, Francis Parker (1917-1960)

Francis Parker Yockey, the intellectual godfather of the American white supremacist and neo-Nazi movements, was born in 1917 near Chicago, Illinois. Extremely intelligent, with an IQ of 170, he was also a trained classical pianist. After graduating from high school, he attended Georgetown University where he received a B.A. degree. Later, he obtained a law degree from Notre Dame University. Yockey also spent some time studying at Michigan State University. Although he was intelligent and articulate, his outspokenness and dictatorial manners alienated those around him. Despite his early sympathies toward Nazi Germany, he enlisted in the U.S. Army and served at a G-2 intelligence unit in Georgia. In July 1943, Yockey received an honorable discharge from the military after suffering a nervous breakdown. By then, his name appeared on a government list of Americans suspected of being pro-Nazi. Yockey became an assistant prosecuting attorney for Wayne County, Michigan. Despite his pro-Nazi leanings, he found a job as a civilian member of the prosecution team prosecuting Nazi war criminals in Wiesbaden, Germany. His efforts to help the German prisoners were so blatant that he was fired. He fled Germany in 1947 abandoning a wife and two small children and went into exile in Ireland.

Yockey decided to collect his political ideas in a book. From his youth onward, he had been violently anti-Semitic and considered other minorities little better than the Jews. Yockey believed wholeheartedly in the Nazi racial program and in Nazism in general. His book, Imperium (1949), was a rallying cry for Nazism to reestablish itself. Yockey borrowed ideas heavily from Oswald Spengler and his Decline of the West in describing the ups and downs of civilizations. The major difference was that Yockey blamed the Jews for the woes of the twentieth century and World War II. He also denied the existence of the Holocaust. Yockey was harsh in his assessment of the United States and its culture. His anti-Americanism was so strong that he advocated Europe's pursuing an independent path between the United States and the Soviet Union in the Cold War.

After completing his book, Yockey looked for ways to distribute it. He approached British fascist Oswald Mosley in 1949 for help. Shortly after starting work with Mosley's British Fascist Union Movement, Yockey had a physical confrontation with Mosley at Hyde Park. After breaking with Mosley, Yockey gathered together a small group of dissident fascists and formed the European Liberation Front (ELF) in 1949.

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Encyclopedia of Modern Worldwide Extremists and Extremist Groups
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Chronology of Events vii
  • Introduction xxi
  • A 1
  • B 26
  • C 57
  • D 80
  • E 89
  • F 96
  • G 110
  • H 123
  • I 137
  • J 142
  • K 149
  • L 166
  • M 184
  • N 215
  • O 230
  • P 238
  • Q 252
  • R 253
  • S 267
  • T 291
  • U 301
  • V 304
  • W 306
  • Y 326
  • Z 328
  • Selected Bibliography 331
  • Index 339
  • About the Author 375
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