Globalization…is not entirely new and does not necessarily demand a reinvention of anthropology.
Priscilla Stone, Angelique Haugerud, and Peter Little 1
It takes only the merest acquaintance with the facts of the modern world to note that it is now an interactive system in a sense that is strikingly new.
Arjun Appadurai 2
As we have seen, the present phase of globalization embodies a convergence of a number of separate but interrelated factors: postfordism, innovations in technology—especially those related to communications and travel—neoliberal economic ideology, the debt crisis and the resulting power of the World Bank and IMF to impose structural adjustments on Third World countries, and the collapse of the Soviet Union, which left capitalism virtually unchallenged. Similarly, the emerging anthropology of globalization represents a convergence of a number of interlinked changes in the anthropologist's scholarship, especially in subject matter, theory, the conceptualization of culture, and the ways that data are collected and analyzed.
Globalization represents a significant break with anthropology as traditionally practiced, partially because the primary empirical technique of participant observation fieldwork tended to bring the bounded community to front and center. The focus of anthropology has inevitably been the “local, ” pretty much defined as the amount of territory one anthropologist could cover