For all its conflicts and contradictions, global civil society is the realm most responsive to indigenous peoples.
Alison Brysk 1
We want them to fight their own battles. What I consider a success is the Indians doing their own advocacy.
David Maybury-Lewis, founder of Cultural Survival 2
Indigenous peoples throughout the world have for centuries been victim to outright genocide, decimation by European diseases, land theft, ecological destruction, forced removal, and a host of other depredations. Such abuses have been documented by anthropologists in books with titles like Victims of Progress (Bodley 1990) and Victims of the Miracle (Davis 1990). Oppression continues, of course, but in many cases it is no longer hidden or uncontested. This is especially true for some of the 200,000 Indians of the Amazon region of Brazil who, often with the help of anthropologists and transnational organizations, are learning new techniques of defending their cultures and homelands.
Until only a couple of decades ago, Brazilian Amazonian Indians were viewed by the government much as Indians in the first century of the United States, as barriers to progress to be removed by whatever means might be necessary, assuming that they were considered to exist at all. “Land without people for people without land” was the slogan for the Transamazon High-