The Age of Milton: An Encyclopedia of Major 17th-Century British and American Authors

By Alan Hager | Go to book overview

Rembrandt van Rijn
(1606-1669)

CLAIRE I.R.O'MAHONY


BIOGRAPHY

Rembrandt's artistic formation stemmed from the classical education instilled both at the Latin school and at the University at Leiden and his tutelage with Italianate painter Jacob van Swanenburgh. His apprenticeship to the Amsterdam history painter Pieter Lastman, of whom he was later an assistant, was instrumental, as was the influence of his peers, in particular, Jan Lievens, with whom he shared not only a studio but also models and a mutually stimulating passion for similar motifs.

Rembrandt's intimate links to the art market reflected a fluctuating but ultimately successful “enterprising” nature (Alpers). Returning to Amsterdam in 1631, Rembrandt not only resided with the art dealer Hendrick van Uylenbergh but also invested in the business both financially and through his own labor, teaching pupils and executing Uylenbergh's steady stream of portrait commissions. Throughout his life Rembrandt extravagantly collected the antiques, prints, and paintings that appear in his paintings. Rembrandt's unsuccessful attempts at art dealing, coupled with inept speculative ventures, forced his bankruptcy in 1656. The slumped art market of the 1650s meant Rembrandt's collection was auctioned off for less than he had paid for one print in his heyday; nonetheless, he died in relative comfort surrounded by a considerable and newly amassed collection.

Much of the inspiration but also the complexity of Rembrandt's art and life resides in the family members who were his usual models. The second youngest of ten children of a Leiden miller and a baker's daughter, Rembrandt was born into prosperity. He often painted his parents in his early works, deploying various atmospheric settings and costumes. Saskia van Uylenbergh (1612-1642) was a socially advantageous bride, orphaned daughter of a mayor of Leeuwarden and the art dealer's niece. Three children died in infancy, but a healthy son Titus (1641-1668) would become one of the artist's favorite models. Rembrandt had an amorous relationship with Geertge Dircx (1600?- 1656), employed to care for Titus when Saskia died of tuberculosis, but their sepa-

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The Age of Milton: An Encyclopedia of Major 17th-Century British and American Authors
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xiii
  • Timeline of Major 17th-Century British and American Authors xvii
  • (1672-1719) 1
  • (1555-1626) 6
  • (1666-1731) 10
  • (1626-1697) 14
  • (1561-1626) 19
  • Bibliography 23
  • (1640?-1689) 25
  • (1649-1708) 29
  • (1627-1691) 32
  • Bibliography 38
  • (1612-1672) 39
  • Bibliography 41
  • (1605-1682) 42
  • Bibliography 47
  • (1628-1688) 48
  • (1577-1640) 53
  • (1612/1613-1680) 57
  • Bibliography 60
  • (1567-1620) 61
  • Bibliography 64
  • (C. 1595-1639) 65
  • (C. 1585-1639) 68
  • (1623-1673) 71
  • Bibliography 73
  • (1559?-1634) 74
  • (1656-1710) 78
  • Bibliography 80
  • (1613-1658) 81
  • (1653-1713) 85
  • (1618-1667) 89
  • Bibliography 92
  • (C. 1613-1649) 93
  • Bibliography 96
  • (1599-1658) 98
  • (1606-1668) 103
  • (1658-1734) 109
  • Bibliography 111
  • (1572-1631) 112
  • (1563-1631) 118
  • Bibliography 121
  • (1631-1700) 122
  • (1608-1666) 128
  • (1661-1720) 133
  • Bibliography 136
  • (1582-1650) 137
  • (1586-1639?) 139
  • (1563-1639 and 1593-1652/1653) 144
  • Bibliography 146
  • (1554-1628) 147
  • Bibliography 157
  • (1578-1657) 158
  • (1593-1633) 162
  • (1591-1674) 167
  • (1588-1679) 172
  • (1572/1573-1637) 181
  • (1660-1685) 187
  • (1666-1727) 191
  • (C. 1634-1693) 194
  • (1569?-1645) 198
  • (1615-1657) 202
  • Bibliography 205
  • (1632-1704) 206
  • (1618-1657) 216
  • Bibliography 218
  • (1672?-1724) 219
  • Bibliography 222
  • (1621-1678) 223
  • Bibliography 226
  • (1583-1640) 228
  • Bibliography 231
  • (1580-1627) 232
  • (1608-1674) 237
  • (1652-1685) 244
  • (1633-1703) 248
  • (1632-1694) 253
  • Bibliography 258
  • (1659-1695) 260
  • Bibliography 265
  • (1686-1758) 267
  • (1606-1669) 270
  • Bibliography 273
  • (1647-1680) 274
  • (C. 1637-1711) 280
  • (1577-1640) 283
  • (C. 1642-1692) 287
  • (1671-1713) 292
  • (1564-1616) 296
  • (1632-1677) 312
  • (1608/1609-1642) 316
  • (1652-1715) 320
  • Bibliography 323
  • (1578-1653) 324
  • (1575?-1626) 328
  • (1636?-1674) 332
  • (1599-1641) 336
  • Bibliography 339
  • (1621?-1695) 340
  • (1599-1660) 344
  • (1632-1675) 348
  • (1606-1687) 352
  • Bibliography 354
  • (1579?-1633?) 355
  • (1568-1635) 360
  • (1641-1715) 365
  • List of Authors by Birth Year 373
  • Selected General Bibliography 377
  • Index 379
  • About the Editor and Contributors 389
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