Communist revolutionary movements have been an important part of the politics of South America, more so now than ever before. The most important of these today is in Colombia.
The Partido Coservador Colombiano (PCC), or Colombian Conservative Party, and the Partido Liberal (PL), or Liberal Party, have long dominated as Colombia's major parties. An informal communist group was begun in the mid-1920s, and in 1926 they helped formed the Partido Socialista Revolucionario (PSR), or Socialist Revolutionary Party. 1 Among its founding members were Guillermo Hernández Rodríguez and Ignacio Torres Giraldo, who served as General Secretary until his removal in 1939. Many of is members deserted for the PL in 1929 and 1930. The name of the party was changed in July 1930 to the Partido Comunista de Colombia (PC), or Communist Party of Colombia. The Hitler-Stalin Pact of 1939 cost the party much of its membership and its labor base. In 1944 the party changed its name again, this time calling itself the Partido Social Democrático (PSD), or Social Democratic Party. It did well enough in the polls to elect seventy-five candidates to political office. After World War II the party declined again, and split into factions. The largest faction, headed by Eduardo Viera White, went back to the old name of the PCC in 1947. The PC's current Secretary General is Alvaro Vásquez del Real.