Since 1997, the RAND Corporation has studied options for configuring a future Agile Combat Support (ACS) system that would enable the goals of the Air and Space Expeditionary Force (AEF) to be achieved. Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), in Afghanistan, offered an opportunity to examine the implementation of new ACS concepts in a contingency environment. In 2000, RAND Project AIR FORCE helped evaluate combat support lessons from Joint Task Force Noble Anvil (JTF NA),1 the U. S. component of Operation Allied Force (OAF), in Serbia. Some of the concepts and lessons learned from JTF NA were implemented in supporting OEF.
Supporting Air and Space Expeditionary Forces: Lessons from Operation Enduring Freedom presents an analysis of combat support experiences associated with Operation Enduring Freedom and compares these experiences with those associated with Operation Allied Force. The analysis presented an opportunity to compare findings and implications from JTF NA and OEF. Specifically, the objectives of the analysis were to indicate the performance of combat support in OEF, examine how ACS concepts were implemented in OEF, and compare JTF NA and OEF experiences to determine similarities and applicability of lessons across experiences and to determine whether some experiences are unique to particular scenarios.____________________