All on-site inspection regimes include provisions that define the rights and obligations of inspectors and of the inspected party. These are usually found in a separate inspection protocol or verification annex of the agreement. They lay out general obligations and conditions and define acceptable procedures, generally at each stage of the inspection from pre-inspection periods through conduct of the inspection and preparation of the final inspection report. Most on-site inspection (OSI) regimes contain basic procedures along the lines laid out in this chapter, with appropriate variations to reflect the specific requirements of each treaty.
Treaties usually explicitly establish the overarching principle that each signatory has an obligation to facilitate the conduct of inspections. This includes a commitment not to hinder or interfere with inspection activity that is analogous in purpose to the treaty prohibitions against interference with national technical means (NTM). Often this section refers to other overarching responsibilities. For example, in the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, the general obligations section refers to commitments that permit inspections in the countries that contained treaty-limited items (Basing Countries) but were not signatories of that bilateral U.S.-Soviet treaty.
As a rule, only specifically designated personnel—those on agreed lists of