Standing Consultative Commission (SCC): The SCC was established in December 1972 during the first negotiating session of second talks on Strategic Arms Limitations (SALT II) by a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. under the terms of the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty. Its purpose is to promote the objectives and implementation of that treaty and consider questions of compliance, possible changes in the strategic situation that could have a bearing on provisions of the treaty, and proposals for amendments.
Initially the United states and the Soviet Union—the two ABM Treaty partners—were the only SCC participants. However, with dissolution of the U.S.S.R., the United States indicated its willingness to accept as treaty parties any of the new independent states of the former Soviet Union. Participants currently include Belarus, Russia, Kazakstan, Ukraine, and the United States. The SCC's operational procedures, which were developed by the two original parties, have been multilateralized to cover the new participants. In accordance with the original MOU, the SCC meets no less than twice a year in Geneva. By the end of 1995, it had held over fifty sessions.
Special Verification Commission (SVC): The SVC, established by Article XIII of the INF Treaty to promote the objectives and implementation of provisions of that treaty, first convened on June 6, 1988. Its operating procedures were developed by the two original signatories—the U.S. and U.S.S.R.—in a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed December 20, 1988. Since the break-up of the Soviet Union, a number of the successor states have participated in the SVC, and multilateralization of its internal