Martin Buber, " Interpreting Hasidism," Commentary
36, 3 ( September, 1963): 218-25; Gershom Scholem, " Martin Buber's Interpretation of Hasidism" in his The
pp. 228-50. This is the expanded version of the article originally
printed in Commentary
32 ( 1961): 305-16. On this controversy, see Rivka Schatz‐
Uffenheimer, " Man's Relationship to God and World in Buber's Rendering of Hasidic
Teachings," in The Philosophy of Martin Buber
, ed. Paul Schilpp and Maurice Friedman ( La Salle, Ill., 1967), pp. 403-35 and her introduction to Quietistic Elements
( Jerusalem, 1974) pp. 10- 18 (Hebrew); as well as the studies of Michael Oppenheim,
" The Meaning of Hasidut: Martin Buber and Gershom Scholem," in Journal of the
American Academy of Religion
49, 3 ( 1981): 409-21; Steven D. Kepnes " A Hermeneutic Approach to the Buber-Scholem Controversy," Journal of Jewish Studies
38 ( 1987): 81- 98, the introduction by Samuel H. Dresner to Abraham J. Heschel, The Circle of the
Ba ʿal Shem Tov: Studies in Hasidism
, ed. S. H. Dresner ( Chicago. London, 1985), pp. xvi— xix and David Biale (note 33 below).
Buber's view of Hasidism, including the description of the criticism of Scholem,
has been discussed extensively in Grete Schaeder, The Hebrew Humanism of Martin
Buber, trans. N.J. Jacobs (Wayne State University Press: Detroit, 1973), pp. 287- 338; Rahel Shihor, "Buber's Method in his Research of Hasidism" Da ʾat 2/ 3 ( 1978-79): 241-46 (Hebrew). On Scholem and Hasidism, see Louis Jacobs " Aspects of Scholem's
Study of Hasidism," Modern Judaism 5 ( 1985), reprinted in Harold Bloom, ed., Gershom Scholem ( New York, New Haven. Philadelphia. 1987), pp. 179-88, and Rivka
Schatz-Uffenheimer, "Gershom Scholem's Interpretation of Hasidism" in Gershom Scholem, The Man and His Activity ( Jerusalem, 1983), pp. 48- 62 (Hebrew); Jon D.
Levenson " The Hermeneutical Defense of Buber's Hasidism: A Critique and Counterstatement," Modern Judaism 11 ( 1991): 297- 320. See also Tishby's stand in relation
to Buber and Scholem's views of the neutralization of messianism in Hasidism, in Messianic Idea, pp. 1- 45.