right to both create and endow a girl with value, that "who" being the painter of The Portrait of a Lady, the Master left standing in the most prominent paternal position toward her—for it certainly cannot be, as Isabel's sadness, fear, and ultimate incarceration reveal, the girl—or the mother—herself.


NOTES
1
The Portrait of a Lady, ed. Robert D. Bamberg ( New York: Norton, 1975), p. 442, emphasis added. All further references to this novel appear in the text.
2
James refers to Isabel as slight or frail in his Preface to the 1907 edition of The Portrait of a Lady and in his notebooks; see The Complete Notebooks, ed. Leon Edel and Lyall H. Powers ( Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1987), p. 13.
3
Various critics have termed Isabel's story "tragic"; see esp. Charles Feidelson, "The Moment of The Portrait of a Lady." in The Portrait of a Lady, ed. Robert D. Bamberg ( New York: Norton, 1975), p. 749. Further references to this essay are cited parenthetically as CF.
4
Love and Death in the American Novel, rev. ed. ( New York: Dell, 1966), p. 131.
5
Fiedler, p. 131.
6
Fiedler, p. 127.
7
Fiedler, pp. 132-33.
8
Fiedler, p. 129.
9
Fiedler, p. 132.
10
Fiedler, p. 129.
11
"The Gothic Mirror," in The (M)Other Tongue: Essays in Feminist Psychoanalytic Interpretation ( Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1985), pp. 334-51.
12
Kahane, p. 334.
13
See The Reproduction of Mothering ( Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1978), pp. 111-29.
14
Kahane, p. 336.
15
Bearing the Word ( Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1986), p. 12. Homans revises Oedipal dynamics dually, using Chodorow to reexamine both Freud and Jacques Lacan's use of the Oedipus Complex with regard to language.
16
Homans, pp. 7-13.
17
For this argument, I am most concerned with the nineteenth-century Gothic. See Kahane, Fiedler, and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, "The Beast in the Closet: James and the Writing of Homosocial Panic," in Papers for the English Institute ( Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1987) and Sedgwick, Between Men: English Literature and Homosocial Desire ( New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1985), pp. 83-96.
18
See Fredric Jameson, The Prison-House of Language ( Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1972). Isabel Archer's story aptly illustrates Jameson's headquote from Nietzsche.
19
Kahane, p. 350.
20
" A Whisper in the Dark," in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper ( June 1863), rpt. in The Hidden Louisa May Alcott, ed. Madeline Stern ( New York: Avenel Books, 1984), pp. 537-589.
21
See Julia Kristeva, "Stabat Mater," in The Kristeva Reader, ed. Toril Moi ( New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1986), pp. 160-87, and The Powers of Horror ( New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1982).
22
Homans, p. 25.
23
The Acoustic Mirror: The Female Voice in Psychoanalysis and Cinema ( Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1988), pp. 152-59.
24
See Dorothy Van Ghent, "On The Portrait of a Lady," in The Portrait of a Lady, ed. Robert D. Bamberg ( New York: Norton, 1975), pp. 689-704. Also William Veeder, Henry James: The Lessons of the Master ( Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1975).
25
On Isabel's limited consciousness as her freedom, see also Feidelson, Veeder, and Dorothea Krook, The Ordeal of Consciousness in Henry James ( New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1962). James himself saw Isabel as primarily a consciousness in the process of becoming unique.
26
Cf. with particular reference to Veeder, pp. 86, and Alfred Habegger, Gender, Fantasy, and Realism in American Literature ( New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1982), p. 76.
27
For a discussion of the woman as art object, see Susan Gubar, " 'The Blank Page' and the Issues of Female Creativity," in Writing and Sexual Difference, ed. Elizabeth Abel ( Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1982), pp. 73-95.

-179-

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Isabel Archer
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Major Literary Characters *
  • Isabel Archer *
  • Contents *
  • The Analysis of Character Harold Bloom ix
  • Editor's Note xv
  • Introduction 1
  • Critical Extracts 5
  • Henry James 5
  • Horace E. Scudder 8
  • Margaret Oliphant 10
  • Henry James 15
  • Cornelia Pulsifer Kelley 19
  • Yvor Winters 23
  • Edward Sackville West 24
  • Graham Greene 28
  • F. R. Leavis 32
  • Richard Chase 37
  • William H. Gass 41
  • Richard Poirier 45
  • Leon Edel 51
  • Dorothea Krook 57
  • Laurence Bedwell Holland 60
  • Manfred Mackenzie 64
  • Lisa Appignanesi 72
  • Ronald Wallace 76
  • Peter Jones 80
  • Critical Essays 91
  • Tony Tanner the Fearful Self 91
  • Annette Niemtzow Marriage and the New Woman in the Portrait of a Lady 104
  • Notes 117
  • Nina Baym Revision and Thematic Change in the Portrait of a Lady 119
  • Notes 129
  • Zephyra Porat Transcendental Idealism and Tragic Realism in the Portrait of a Lady 131
  • Notes 149
  • Jonathan Freedman James, Pater, and the Dreaming of Aestheticism 152
  • Notes 163
  • Stephanie A. Smith the Delicate Organisms and Theoretic Tricks of Henry James 164
  • Notes 179
  • William Veeder the Feminine Orphan and the Emergent Master 181
  • Notes 199
  • Contributors 203
  • Bibliography 205
  • Acknowledgments 211
  • Index 213
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